Ottoman helmet of a Janissary corporal. Height 32.5 cm, weight 1554 g. Dresden State Art Collections.

Ceremonial helmet of a Janissary corporal. Height cm, weight 1554 g.

The guard of Janissaries, detail from the Reception at the Court of Selim III at the Topkapi Palace, gouache on paper. Detail. Turkey, 18th century.

The guard of Janissaries, detail from the Reception at the Court of Selim III at the Topkapi Palace, gouache on paper.

Ottoman Janissary archer besieging Constantinople

Ottoman Janissary archer besieging Constantinople

© Kunsthistorisches Museum Janissary hat, 16th century

Turkish headdress, felt, gold embroidery, gilded brass, ca Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

Ottoman court: Habit of the 'ağa' (head) of the Janissaries, in 1749.  By Joseph-Marie Vien (1716-1809).

Ottoman court: Habit of the 'ağa' (head) of the Janissaries, in By Joseph-Marie Vien

As a symbol of their devotion to the order, Janissaries wore special hats called "börk". These hats also had a holding place in front, called the "kaşıklık", for a spoon. This symbolized the "kaşık kardeşliği", or the "brotherhood of the spoon", which reflected a sense of comradeship among the Janissaries who ate, slept, fought and died together.

A pair of Solaks, the Janissary archer bodyguard of the Sultan

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