Zubeyr Topcu

Zubeyr Topcu

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Phoenicians

Modern Italian reconstruction of an Etruscan ship with no the "eye".

Gebal (Byblos) Harbor, Phoenicia, 10th Century BC ~ Balage Balogh

Gebal (Byblos) Harbor, Phoenicia, 10th Century BC ~ Balage Balogh

The Pharos (lighthouse) and port of Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I ~ Rafael Morales

The Pharos (lighthouse) and port of Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I ~ Rafael Morales

Tyre c 10th Century BC

Tyre & Sidon - Two of the greatest and most powerful cities of the Bronze Age were the Phoenician centers of Tyre & Sidon. Their economic stre

Phoenicians or Canaanites trade routes they travelled the Horn of Africa long before Vespucci

Phoenician trade routes - If they are known to have sailed to Iceland, then the chances are high that they also traveled to Greenland, and to North America.

Recorded history shows a group of coastal cities and heavily forested mountains inhabited by a Semitic people, the Canaanites, around 4000 BC. These early inhabitants referred to themselves according to their city of origin, and called their nation Canaan. They lived in the narrow East-Mediterranean coast and the parallel strip mountains of Lebanon. They established trade routes to Europe and Western Asia. Phoenician ships circumnavigated Africa a thousand years before those of the…

A map of Phoenicia. This map depicts the borders of ancient Phoenicia, a many of its cities, the most important of which were Tyre, Sidon, and Biblos. The arrangement of cities along the Mediterranean displays the importance of the sea to the Phoenicians.