Allah (God). (Istanbul: Ebristan, 2004). Calligraphy after a design by Yusuf Coskun Beneuse (b. 1949). His interpretation of the word "Allah" takes the form of a flower and leaf stretching upwards toward heaven from a curled, grounded base. Ebru, or marbling, is one of the oldest arts in Turkey. In this example, Barutcugil has used a stencil technique so that the calligraphy itself is marbled, in deep blue against a marbled background of blue and green.