Six ‘oyalı zeybek başı’ (ceremonial headgear of the ‘Efe’ / ‘Zeybek’) from Izmir – Manisa –Aydın. In Izmir large flat (2D) oya-lace is preferred, and in Manisa the much smaller three-dimensional flower-oya. In Aydın you can see both types, and everything in between. These hats were made in our workshop; only authentic needle-lace (iğne oyası) were used – three for each hat. Which made them nice, but rather expensive. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).