The story of Dhul-Qarnayn or Alexander who conquered the world at age of 25 is incomprehensible to me, the other scholars and researchers. But it resonated well in the mind of Ferdowsi, Nizami and other Persian poets due to limitations.
Eskandar-nama of Nizami Khamsa-5th the poetical romance version of Alexander consists of 10,500 distichs. Alexander, the undisputed ruler of the world, is depicted no longer as a warrior, but as a sage and a prophet. He debates with Greek and Indian philosophers
Miniatures, Gouache, cm Origin: Iran, Timurid Dynasty Album: The Khamsa by Nizami Personage: Alexander the Great Source of entry: First Branch of the State Hermitage Museum, 1924 School: Herat Theme: Literature
Eskandar (Alexander the Great) contemplates the Talking Tree Ferdowsi, Shahnameh Timurid: Shiraz, Patron: Ebrahim Soltan b. Shah Rokh Illuminator: Nasr al-Soltani Opaque watercolours, ink and gold on paper
Firdausī ṭūsī, Abū˒ al-Qāsim The Armies of Iskandar and Dārā Battle Shāhnāma (Book of Kings), in Persian Pakistan, Lahore Written between 1829 and 1838 x 170 mm) - x 170 mm) Purchased by Pierpont Morgan, 1909 MS fols.