Nizami-Haft Peykar هفت پیکر The Seven Beauties

The Seven Beauties (Persian: هفت پیکر [Haft Peykar]‎) is a famous romantic epic by Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi written in in 1197. This poem is a part of the Nizami's Khamsa. Both translations are meaningful and the poet doubtless exploited intentionally the ambiguity of the words. The poem was dedicated to the Ahmadili ruler of Maragha, Ala-al-Din Korpe Arslan bin Aq-Sonqor. The poem is a masterpiece of erotic literature, but it is also a profoundly moralistic work.
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Battle between Iskandar and Dara, ascribed to Bihzad, from the Iskandarnāmah

Battle between Iskandar and Dara, ascribed to Bihzad, from the Iskandarnāmah

From the same book of the Khamsah, Haft Paykar (Seven fair Forms) is “Mahan confronted by demons” finds his horse transformed into a seven-headed dragon. The Herat painter—is this again Bihzad, working in a slightly different mode, or is it another?

From the same book of the Khamsah, Haft Paykar (Seven fair Forms) is “Mahan confronted by demons” finds his horse transformed into a seven-headed dragon. The Herat painter—is this again Bihzad, working in a slightly different mode, or is it another?

Iskandar visits the wise man in the cave ascribed to Bihzad.

Iskandar visits the wise man in the cave ascribed to Bihzad.

Battle of Nowfal with the Tribe of Layla

Battle of Nowfal with the Tribe of Layla

People-Admire-Khavarnak.jpg (474×745) Miniatures, Gouache, 23.7x13.7 cm Origin: Iran, 1431-1431, Timurid Dynasty This is one of the 9 miniatures illustrating the poem Haft Paikar in the Hermitage's famous Persian manuscript of the Khamsa, an anthology of five poems by the 12th-century poet Nizami, who lived on the territory of present-day Azerbaijan. In 1431 this manuscript of the Khamsawas copied out in Herat by the calligrapher Mahmud for Sultan Shahrukh , son of the legendary Tamerlaine .

People-Admire-Khavarnak.jpg (474×745) Miniatures, Gouache, 23.7x13.7 cm Origin: Iran, 1431-1431, Timurid Dynasty This is one of the 9 miniatures illustrating the poem Haft Paikar in the Hermitage's famous Persian manuscript of the Khamsa, an anthology of five poems by the 12th-century poet Nizami, who lived on the territory of present-day Azerbaijan. In 1431 this manuscript of the Khamsawas copied out in Herat by the calligrapher Mahmud for Sultan Shahrukh , son of the legendary Tamerlaine .

"How a Braggart was Drowned in a Well",  from a Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami Author: Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganja) (probably 1141–1217) Calligrapher: Maulana Azhar (d. 1475/76)  ca. 1430  Herat

"How a Braggart was Drowned in a Well", from a Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami Author: Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganja) (probably 1141–1217) Calligrapher: Maulana Azhar (d. 1475/76) ca. 1430 Herat

"Bahram Gur and the Indian Princess in the Dark Palace on Saturday", Folio 23v from a Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami Author: Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganja) (probably 1141–1217) Calligrapher: Maulana Azhar (d. 1475/76)  ca. 1430, Herat

"Bahram Gur and the Indian Princess in the Dark Palace on Saturday", Folio 23v from a Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami Author: Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganja) (probably 1141–1217) Calligrapher: Maulana Azhar (d. 1475/76) ca. 1430, Herat

Iskandar with the seven sages, dated AH 900 (1495/95)  ascribed to Bihzad.

Iskandar with the seven sages, dated AH 900 (1495/95) ascribed to Bihzad.

Bahram Gur in the Red Pavilion

Bahram Gur in the Red Pavilion

Bahram Gur in the Black Pavilion

Bahram Gur in the Black Pavilion

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