In 1929 a  map was found. The document was drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, an admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century.  It shows the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America, and the northern coast of Antarctica. The Antarctic coastline is perfectly detailed. The most puzzling however is not so much how Piri Reis managed to draw such an accurate map of the Antarctic region 300 years before it was discovered, but that the map shows the coastline under the ice.

In a group of historians found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin. Research showed that it was a genuine document drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. His passion was cartography.

İslamic Art / tezhib/ "Amentü " Tezhib:Reyhan Geylan Hat: Betül Utku

İslamic Art / tezhib/ "Amentü " Tezhib:Reyhan Geylan Hat: Betül Utku

- * Piri Reis Map * - In 1513, Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis compiled this map using military intelligence -

The Piri Reis map is a pre-modern world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis.

The Bosphorus - fabulous stylized map of the European and Asian sides of Istanbul

The Bosphorus - fabulous stylized map of the European and Asian sides of Istanbul

Map of the Ottoman Empire from the 1609 French edition of Mercator's Atlas, augmented and published by Hondius.

Map of the Ottoman Empire from the 1609 French edition of Mercator's Atlas, augmented and published by Hondius.

Piri Reis: Unquestionably not a hoax, the map is certifiably authentic, but the information on the map is of mysterious origin. Piri Reis himself notes that the map was drawn from information sourced from other, older maps, charts and logs, many of which, Hapgood suggests, may have been copied and transcribed repeatedly since before the destruction of the Library of Alexandria in Egypt, which wiped out the literature of antiquity and vast cultural knowledge.

Medieval Maps _ This one drawn by Oronteus Finaeus in 1531 AD long before the Antarctic had been discovered. The longitudinal estimates for Africa & South America are accurate.

Topkapı Palace-Kanuni Sultan Süleyman'ın  Şeyh Abdüllatif'i Kabulü- Hünername-1580's

Suleyman the Magnificent and the Grand Vizier in the Topkapi Palace gardens, century miniature in ms H 1524 page Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul

soleyman receive his grand admiral 1558

uleyman receives his Grand Admiral, Hayreddin Barbarossa Suleymanname.

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