Map of the world by geographer & cartographer Al-Idrisi, also known as Dreses (1099-1166 C.E.). He originally drew the map with north facing down; here, it's been flipped so the shapes are more recognizable.
Leaf from Futuh al-Haramain (Description of the Two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), mid-16th century; Ottoman Probably Turkey Ink, colors, and gold on paper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Age of Süleyman "the Magnificent" (r. 1520–1566)