Map of the world by geographer & cartographer Al-Idrisi, also known as Dreses (1099-1166 C.E.). He originally drew the map with north facing down; here, it's been flipped so the shapes are more recognizable.

Map of the world by geographer & cartographer Al-Idrisi, also known as Dreses (1099-1166 C.E.). He originally drew the map with north facing down; here, it's been flipped so the shapes are more recognizable.

The_Haram_Al-Nabawi_in_Medina_-_Ottoman_period.jpg 2.132×2.136 piksel

The_Haram_Al-Nabawi_in_Medina_-_Ottoman_period.jpg 2.132×2.136 piksel

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Kaaba-Kabe,  Portulan de la mer Méditerranée, par ʿAlî ibn Aḥmad ibn Moḥammad al-Scharqî, de Sfax (الصفاقسى), en Tunisie, 1551, Gallica, BnF

Kaaba-Kabe, Portulan de la mer Méditerranée, par ʿAlî ibn Aḥmad ibn Moḥammad al-Scharqî, de Sfax (الصفاقسى), en Tunisie, 1551, Gallica, BnF

Kaaba-Kabe-Kharīdat al-ʻajāʾib wa-farīdat al-gharāʾib

Kaaba-Kabe-Kharīdat al-ʻajāʾib wa-farīdat al-gharāʾib

Kaaba-Kabe

Kaaba-Kabe

Kaaba-Kabe

Kaaba-Kabe

Kaaba-Kabe

Kaaba-Kabe

Leaf from Futuh al-Haramain (Description of the Two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), mid-16th century; Ottoman Probably Turkey Ink, colors, and gold on paper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Age of Süleyman "the Magnificent" (r. 1520–1566)

Leaf from Futuh al-Haramain (Description of the Two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), mid-16th century; Ottoman Probably Turkey Ink, colors, and gold on paper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Age of Süleyman "the Magnificent" (r. 1520–1566)

Ka'bah with the door open...

Ka'bah with the door open...

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