Akhenaten, Egypt's "heretic" Pharaoh. He began a new monotheistic religion centered around the Aten, a non-anthropomorphic sun god. He also moved the capitol to Amarna, ushering in a period of unusual innovation in Egyptian art and culture. After Akhenaten died, the religion collapsed, Amarna was abandoned, and the old Egyptian priesthood regained power. Subsequent archival records call Akhenaten "the enemy."