Africa | Koranic writing board.  Hausa peoples, Nigeria | Mid to late 20th century | Wood, ink, hide | Wooden writing boards, some of them embellished with magic squares and other non-figurative designs in addition to Koranic script, serve to illustrate the long history of Islam and literacy in Africa. The boards are most often used by young Moslem students who are learning to read, write and recite Sura or passages from the Koran, Islam's sacred book.

Africa | Koranic writing board. Hausa peoples, Nigeria | Mid to late 20th century | Wood, ink, hide | Wooden writing boards, some of them embellished with magic squares and other non-figurative designs in addition to Koranic script, serve to illustrate the long history of Islam and literacy in Africa. The boards are most often used by young Moslem students who are learning to read, write and recite Sura or passages from the Koran, Islam's sacred book.

Two leaves from a Koran written in Eastern Kufi Iran or Iraq; 11th century 19.1 × 16.2 cm and 19.2 × 16.05 cm

Two leaves from a Koran written in Eastern Kufi Iran or Iraq; century × cm and × cm (Audrey Shabbas)

This fragment contains the surah al-Fatihah (the Opening), and al-Baqarah (the Cow). The script is remarkable for its size, each line being roughly 4 cm high. Iran. Later 11th century. Kufic script. Courtesy of the Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic Art.

This fragment contains the surah al-Fatihah (the Opening), and al-Baqarah (the Cow). The script is remarkable for its size, each line being roughly 4 cm high. Courtesy of the Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic Art.

Surat 21 Anbiyaa (The Prophets): "Never comes (aught) to them of a renewed Message from their Lord, but they listen to it as in jest - their hearts toying as with trifles. The wrong-doers conceal their private counsels, (saying) 'Is this (one) more than a man like yourselves? Will ye go to witchcraft with your eyes open?'"  Same Qur'an as the next one with Surat Maryam. 18th century. (Audrey Shabbas)

Century Qur'an in Maghribi Script « Islamic Arts and Architecture

Surat 26 Ash-Shu'ara' (The Poets)part of verse 109 to part of verse 114. Theme of sura: contrast betwwen the spirit of Prophecy and spiritual Light and the reactions to it in the communities among whom it appeared in the past. Noah, Abraham, Salih, Lot, & Shuaib are here and the Qur'an as a continuation of previous Revelations - all unlike the poetry of vain poets! Leaf from "The Pink Qur'an" - Arabic manuscript on thick polished pink paper, Maghribi script, 13th century AD (Audrey Shabbas)

A Qur'an leaf in Maghribi script, North Africa or Andalusia, late century AD

Osmanlıca istiklal marşı

Osmanlıca istiklal marşı

Say What, What Is, The Prophet, Arabic Calligraphy, Quran, Heavens, Islamic, Texts, Arabic Handwriting

AN EARLY KUFIC QUR'AN FOLIO NEAR EAST OR NORTH AFRICA, SECOND HALF 8TH CENTURY Qur'an XC (sura al-balad), parts of v.17 to Qur'an XCIII (sura al-duha),parts of v.7, Arabic manuscript on vellum, with 14ll.of elongated black kufic script,verse markers in the form of red roundels and white alif letters outlined in black,two sura headings marked with green and red cartouches decorated with stylized rosettes and motifs of dots,each cartouche ending in a palmette-like motif

AN EARLY KUFIC QUR'AN FOLIO NEAR EAST OR NORTH AFRICA, SECOND HALF 8TH CENTURY Qur'an XC (sura al-balad), parts of v.17 to Qur'an XCIII (sura al-duha),parts of v.7, Arabic manuscript on vellum, with 14ll.of elongated black kufic script,verse markers in the form of red roundels and white alif letters outlined in black,two sura headings marked with green and red cartouches decorated with stylized rosettes and motifs of dots,each cartouche ending in a palmette-like motif

2 of 2: Surat 20 Ta Ha (two Arabic alphabet letters without meaning to us in this reality): v.1-13: "It was not to distress you that We sent down the Qur'an, but as a reminder for those who hold God in awe, a revelation from the One who the earth & the high heavens, the Lord of Mercy, " (MAS Abdel Haleem trans). Preceded by last verses (94-98) of Surat 19 Maryam (Mary, the Mother of Jesus)(Audrey Shabbas)

2 of 2: Surat 20 Ta Ha (two Arabic alphabet letters without meaning to us in this reality): v.1-13: "It was not to distress you that We sent down the Qur'an, but as a reminder for those who hold God in awe, a revelation from the One who the earth & the high heavens, the Lord of Mercy, " (MAS Abdel Haleem trans). Preceded by last verses (94-98) of Surat 19 Maryam (Mary, the Mother of Jesus)(Audrey Shabbas)

Folio from a Manuscript of the Qur'an Medium: Ink and gold on paper Dates: 9th-10th century

Folio from a Manuscript of the Qur'an Medium: Ink and gold on paper Dates: century

2/2 Top: w/o Heading, Surat 92 Layl (The Night) will all verses: "By the enshrouding night, by the radiant day, by the creation of male & female! The ways you take differ greatly. There is the one who gives, who is mindful of God, who testifies to goodness - We shall smooth his way towards ease. There is the one who is miserly, who is self-satisfied, who denies goodness - We shall smooth his way towards hardship." (v 1-10 MAS Abdel Haleem trans). Heading & 5 verses for Surat 93 Dhuha…

2/2 Top: w/o Heading, Surat 92 Layl (The Night) will all verses: "By the enshrouding night, by the radiant day, by the creation of male & female! The ways you take differ greatly. There is the one who gives, who is mindful of God, who testifies to goodness - We shall smooth his way towards ease. There is the one who is miserly, who is self-satisfied, who denies goodness - We shall smooth his way towards hardship." (v 1-10 MAS Abdel Haleem trans). Heading & 5 verses for Surat 93 Dhuha…

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