March 27, 1794: President George Washington and Congress approve the Naval Act, authorizing the establishment of the U.S. Navy, which replaced the Continental Navy that had been disbanded in 1790. This jacket and A-line skirt was worn by a female yeoman in World War I. While most women in naval service during the war were in secretarial or clerical jobs, other skills needed included telegrapher, draftsman, translator, mess attendant, ship camouflage designer, and recruiting agent.
Military Uniform 1918 The Metropolitan Museum of Art “The language of the Naval Reserve Act of 1916 stated that among those eligible to serve were “all persons who may be capable of performing special useful service for coastal defense.” That lack of specificity allowed for the enlistment of women, who began to join the service in 1917. This naval reserve ensemble was worn by a Yeoman (F)—Yeoman (Female)—an enlisted rank popularly called Yeomanette. The rank predomi
Nurse Ora G. Hart posed in her World War I Uniform. Hart was an assistant chief nurse during the War, and became a Royal Red Cross recipient as a result of her work.The Pennsylvania Hospital sent many physicians and nurses to Base #10 Hospital in France to support American efforts during World War I. The Base Hospital treated nearly 48,000 patients.