WWII Day-By-Day: May 5
05 May 45: A Japanese balloon bomb kills 5 children and a woman in Oregon - the only people killed by an enemy attack on the American mainland during WWII. The cheap weapon used the jet stream over the Pacific to wreak havoc on Canadian and American cities and forests. Over 9,300 were launched between Nov 1944 and April 1945, 300 of which were found as far east as Michigan and as far south as Mexico. With a kill rate of only 0.067%, they were ineffective as weapons. #WWII #History
A fire balloon ( "balloon bomb"), or Fu-Go, was a weapon launched by Japan during WWII. A hydrogen balloon with a load varying from a 12-kilogram (26 lb) incendiary to one 15 kg (33 lb) antipersonnel bomb four 5 kg (11 lb) incendiary devices attached, they were designed as a cheap weapon intended to make use of the jet stream over the Pacific Ocean wreak havoc on Canadian and US cities, forests, and farmland.
60 years after Holocaust, siblings reunited
After 65 years . . . a brother and sister separated since the Holocaust were reunited in Israel this week. 78-year-old Binyamin Shilon believed for most of his life that his sister had been murdered by the Nazis, along with the rest of his family in Poland. 73-year-old Shoshana November, Shilon’s sister, had presumed him part of the six million Jews lost in the Holocaust, as well.
Obit of the Day
Boruch Spiegel, in 1939 at the age of 19, who was one of the last surviving members of the Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto. Mr. Spiegel was on guard duty and gave the signal to attack the German army as they came liquidate the ghetto in April 1943. The ghetto residents antagonized the Nazis for 28 days. Mr. Spiegel escaped to safety and joined the Polish resistance. He died on May 7, 2013 at the age of 93.
GHDI - Image
Inside of a Compulsory Identification Card for Jews, Issued in Berlin (1939) .Jews whose names failed to appear on the government-approved list had to adopt either "Israel" or "Sara" as additional forenames. This decree also took effect on January 1, 1939. Below is a reproduction of the inside pages of a compulsory identification card for Jews.
Once Upon a Time in War
Bataan Death March, 1942 During the Bataan Death March, American and Filipino prisoners were marched almost 80 miles to Camp O’Donnell. Starving soldiers were forced to march through the searing heat with little food, water or medical treatment. Those that were too weak, if they fell by the wayside and were either bayonetted, clubbed to death or even shot.