Ottoman Soldiers, Spahis, Solaks, Dellis, Janissaries, 16-17th Century (Sipahiler, Solaklar, Deliler, Yeniçeriler)

Ottoman Soldiers, Spahis, Solaks, Dellis, Janissaries, 16-17th Century (Sipahiler, Solaklar, Deliler, Yeniçeriler)

Ottoman Deli : Lucas d'Heere 1575    :::: pinterest.com christiancross ::::

Ottoman Deli : Lucas d'Heere 1575 :::: pinterest.com christiancross ::::

A ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army).  From the Balkans (Epirus or Albania).  Late-ottoman, 2nd half of the 19th century.

A ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). From the Balkans (Epirus or Albania). Late-ottoman, 2nd half of the 19th century.

Cat of War - a bashi-bazouk - a Turkish irregular - with his little calico kitten, circa 1870. fierce and exotic, in a cute sort of way.

Cat of War - a bashi-bazouk - a Turkish irregular - with his little calico kitten, circa 1870. fierce and exotic, in a cute sort of way.

Bashi-Bazouks Turkish infrantrymen, Abdullah Fréres, photographer, 1888.

Bashi-Bazouks Turkish infrantrymen, Abdullah Fréres, photographer, 1888.

Bashibazouks, Irregular Soldiers of the Ottoman Army, 1877 (Osmanlı Başıbozuklar, 1877)

Bashibazouks, Irregular Soldiers of the Ottoman Army, 1877 (Osmanlı Başıbozuklar, 1877)

‘Başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army).  Circa 1880. A ‘başıbozuk’ (damaged head), or ‘delibaş’ (crazy head) - both meaning "free headed", "disorderly" - may be a Circassian, Kurd, Arab, Albanian, or Turk.  They were armed and maintained by the government, but didn’t receive pay, nor wear uniforms or distinctive badges. They were motivated to fight mostly by expectations of plunder.  As a result, they were particularly noted for their uncertain temper and lack of discipline.

‘Başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). Circa 1880. A ‘başıbozuk’ (damaged head), or ‘delibaş’ (crazy head) - both meaning "free headed", "disorderly" - may be a Circassian, Kurd, Arab, Albanian, or Turk. They were armed and maintained by the government, but didn’t receive pay, nor wear uniforms or distinctive badges. They were motivated to fight mostly by expectations of plunder. As a result, they were particularly noted for their uncertain temper and lack of discipline.

Turkish infantery soldier, Russo Turkish War, 1877.

Turkish infantery soldier, Russo Turkish War, 1877.

A Turkish ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). Late-ottoman, 2nd half of the 19th century.

A Turkish ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). Late-ottoman, 2nd half of the 19th century.

Bashi-Bazook with hookah, 1877, Stanislaw Chlebowski (1835–1884) was a Polish painter with Russian and Turkish connections. He was a renowned specialist in oriental themes. Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

Bashi-Bazook with hookah, 1877, Stanislaw Chlebowski (1835–1884) was a Polish painter with Russian and Turkish connections. He was a renowned specialist in oriental themes. Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

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