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Freud argued that our psyche could be categorised into three:  The Ego: our rational concious voice.  The Id: our primitive animalistic desires.  The Superego: our ‘moral judge’ or censor of what’s demanded of us.  All of life’s problems, including religion (for Freud) came when one or many of these would conflict.

Freud argued that our psyche could be categorised into three: The Ego: our rational concious voice. The Id: our primitive animalistic desires. The Superego: our ‘moral judge’ or censor of what’s demanded of us. All of life’s problems, including religion (for Freud) came when one or many of these would conflict.

Machiavelli’s Prince has (rightly or wrongly) been given a fairly harsh treatment. In his work, Machiavelli suggested that the good ruler (not the just ruler) was one that did whatever he could to maintain his position. For The Prince, the end always...

Machiavelli’s Prince has (rightly or wrongly) been given a fairly harsh treatment. In his work, Machiavelli suggested that the good ruler (not the just ruler) was one that did whatever he could to maintain his position. For The Prince, the end always...

#Hobbes thought that man, free of all #authority, would resort to a 'state of nature': a bitter struggle for resources, resulting in a 'short nasty and brutish' existence. To avoid this bleak state, we must surrender absolute personal autonomy to give authority to a sovereign government. The Social Contact is therefore formed between society and the #sovereign: a compromise of #liberty on one hand #security and #comfort on the other.

#Hobbes thought that man, free of all #authority, would resort to a 'state of nature': a bitter struggle for resources, resulting in a 'short nasty and brutish' existence. To avoid this bleak state, we must surrender absolute personal autonomy to give authority to a sovereign government. The Social Contact is therefore formed between society and the #sovereign: a compromise of #liberty on one hand #security and #comfort on the other.

Descartes’ method began by purging himself of any beliefs that were open to the slightest possibility of error. He hoped to rebuild all his knowledge using only reason, rationalism, and a priori truths.

Descartes’ method began by purging himself of any beliefs that were open to the slightest possibility of error. He hoped to rebuild all his knowledge using only reason, rationalism, and a priori truths.

#Camus was a French Existentialist, who was close both personally and philosophically with Sartre and De Beauvoir. Like them, he began with the simple claim that there were no objective laws and rules to life that could guide us. Humans had no ‘purpose’ (as Aristotle argued), there was no Moral Law (Kant), nor was there some afterlife to come. In his Myth of Sisyphus, Camus highlights what he sees as the Absurdity of existence. In the Myth, Sisyphus was destined to push a rock up a…

#Camus was a French Existentialist, who was close both personally and philosophically with Sartre and De Beauvoir. Like them, he began with the simple claim that there were no objective laws and rules to life that could guide us. Humans had no ‘purpose’ (as Aristotle argued), there was no Moral Law (Kant), nor was there some afterlife to come. In his Myth of Sisyphus, Camus highlights what he sees as the Absurdity of existence. In the Myth, Sisyphus was destined to push a rock up a…

#Marx thought that organised #religion was a tool of the ruling classes (the…

#Marx thought that organised #religion was a tool of the ruling classes (the…

Plato’s Philosopher King is an idealistic monarch who does what is in the interests of his subjects. However, he is not a slave to democracy - but should and would pursue ‘higher ideals’, even if at odds with the wants of his people. Popper...

Plato’s Philosopher King is an idealistic monarch who does what is in the interests of his subjects. However, he is not a slave to democracy - but should and would pursue ‘higher ideals’, even if at odds with the wants of his people. Popper...

#Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties  In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner #Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own values in a Will to Power.

#Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner #Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own values in a Will to Power.

Michael Jackson

Michael Jackson

He wakes up one morning and he is a giant bug. He is concerned about missing work. He keeps thinking he will change back but he just becomes more of a bug. His family cannot handle his change and are greatly disturbed by him.

He wakes up one morning and he is a giant bug. He is concerned about missing work. He keeps thinking he will change back but he just becomes more of a bug. His family cannot handle his change and are greatly disturbed by him.