Machiavelli’s Prince has (rightly or wrongly) been given a fairly harsh treatment. In his work, Machiavelli suggested that the good ruler (not the just ruler) was one that did whatever he could to maintain his position. For The Prince, the end always.
was a French Existentialist, who was close both personally and philosophically with Sartre and De Beauvoir. Like them, he began with the simple claim that there were no objective laws and rules to life that could guide us. Humans had no.
Plato’s Philosopher King is an idealistic monarch who does what is in the interests of his subjects. However, he is not a slave to democracy - but should and would pursue ‘higher ideals’, even if at odds with the wants of his people.
Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner-Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own.