Ottoman Janissaries (conscripted soldiers) were divided into 101 ortahs (regiments), each Janissary tattooed a mark on his arm showing his ortah. A crescent was the symbol of the first ortah (the Sultans ortah), the thirty-first ortah which served on board the fleet, was an anchor. The number of Janissaries in each ortah was varied, greater numbers were in the most distinguished; the number in some was extremely large, that of the thirty-fifth, amounting to nearly thirty thousand.

Because of the weakening of the Ottoman Empire conservative Janissaries blocked needed military reform and allowed their state to lose ground to European rivals. Also the weakness in technology included the imperial navy.

Abdülmecid II (Turkish: Abdülmecit; Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی, Abdâlmecid el-Sâni ) (29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Sunni Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman Dynasty, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.

Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی, Abdâlmecid el-Sâni ) May 1868 – 23 August was the last Sunni Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman Dynasty, nominally the Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to

A Janissary, c.1823, by William Page

William Page, Janissary at the English Palace Constantinople, c.

Chef du Corp of the Janissaries (general). The Vinkhuijzen collection of military uniforms / Turkey, 1818. See McLean’s Turkish Army of 1810-1817.

osmanlı giyim tarzı, örnek resimler & Ottoman style clothing, sample pictures & Chef du Corp of the Janissaries (general). The Vinkhuijzen collection of military uniforms / Turkey, See McLean’s Turkish Army of

Janissaries, Ottoman.

The Janissaries (from Ottoman Turkish يڭيچرى yeniçeri meaning "new soldier") were infantry Musketeer units that formed the Ottoman sultan's household troops and bodyguards.

Bartolemeo von Pezzen, ambassador to Constantinople from 1586 to 1591, wanted to describe Turkish habits and customs to his lord, Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II. He employed an unknown painter to record the scenes and characters that once animated the streets of Istanbul. The result was a volume of images that belonged for many years to the Emperors of Austria and was then conserved in the National Library of Vienna.

Codex Vindobonensis 8626 Believed painted between 1586 and 1591 by an unknown south German artist in the entourage of Bartolemeo di Pezzana, ambassador of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II to the Sublime Porte. Now in the Austrian National Library, Vienna

Djébéhané Cara-Coulouktchi, Garde de la Salle des Armes. Djébéhané Tchorbadjissi, Colonel des Armuriers. Bostandji, Garde du Palais Impérial d'Andrinople. Chatir, Coureur.

Djébéhané Cara-Coulouktchi, Garde de la Salle des Armes. Djébéhané Tchorbadjissi, Colonel des Armuriers. Bostandji, Garde du Palais Impérial d'Andrinople. Chatir, Coureur.

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