Zurnaci. A mehtar (Janissary band) trumpeter holding a zurna, a trumpet or shawm, which has a brass mouthpiece. Wearing a black kaftan, blue robe, white kuşak, wide turban but no plume. Red trousers and yellow ankle boots.

Zurnaci. A mehtar (Janissary band) trumpeter holding a zurna, a trumpet or shawm, which has a brass mouthpiece. Wearing a black kaftan, blue robe, white kuşak, wide turban but no plume. Red trousers and yellow ankle boots.

Seyban. Foot soldier wearing a green tunic, red trousers, white leg protectors, yellow ankle boots and red turban with blue cap and plume. Carrying a fuse and matchlock and wearing an ammunition pouch and powder horn.

Foot soldier wearing a green tunic, red trousers, white leg protectors, yellow ankle boots and red turban with blue cap and plume. Carrying a fuse and matchlock and wearing an ammunition pouch and powder horn.

Tatar. Government courier. He is holding a double-thonged whip. Bow in a bowcase attached to his sash. Black kaftan, red tights, yellow ankle boots and a round red hat with a red fur brim (tatar kalpağı).

He is holding a double-thonged whip. Black kaftan, red tights, yellow ankle boots and a round red hat with a red fur brim (tatar kalpağı).

Peyk başı. Superintendent of the peyks. Sitting cross-legged on a white chair, his staff held across his legs. Wearing a short-sleeved brown tunic with sharp spikes as 'epaulettes' on his shoulders. White belt (kemer) with a gold buckle, gold dagger in scabbard. Wearing the külâh-i peyk with plume.

Peyk başı. Superintendent of the peyks. Sitting cross-legged on a white chair, his staff held across his legs. Wearing a short-sleeved brown tunic with sharp spikes as 'epaulettes' on his shoulders. White belt (kemer) with a gold buckle, gold dagger in scabbard. Wearing the külâh-i peyk with plume.

Davulcu. A mehtar drummer. Wearing wide turban but no plume, blue kaftan, brown robe, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. The drum is slung round his neck by a red cord. Two types of drumsticks, a straight white one and a curved stick.

A mehtar drummer. Wearing wide turban but no plume, blue kaftan, brown robe, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. The drum is slung round his neck by a red cord. Two types of drumsticks, a straight white one and a curved stick.

Cebici. A foot soldier of the old corps of armourers attached to the Janissaries. Helmet has a long plume-holder containing a stiff plume. The helmet fits over a blue cloth which is tied over the head and knotted under the chin. Silver helmet with gold brim and top. Stubble on his chin. Holding a matchlock, he is wearing a green tunic, blue kuşak with a knife in a case (kârd), a sword, high white leg protectors, red trousers and yellow shoes.

Cebici. A foot soldier of the old corps of armourers attached to the Janissaries. Helmet has a long plume-holder containing a stiff plume. The helmet fits over a blue cloth which is tied over the head and knotted under the chin. Silver helmet with gold brim and top. Stubble on his chin. Holding a matchlock, he is wearing a green tunic, blue kuşak with a knife in a case (kârd), a sword, high white leg protectors, red trousers and yellow shoes.

Cezayir. An Algerian or Dardanelles Janissary seaman. Black tunic with a red scarf over his shoulder. Dagger in his red kuşak. White turban with a square red cap and a pointed end.

An Algerian or Dardanelles Janissary seaman. Black tunic with a red scarf over his shoulder. Dagger in his red kuşak. White turban with a square red cap and a pointed end.

Sipahi zade, son of a sipahi (cavalryman). Fur-lined black kaftan, red robe and trousers, gold belt, blue boots. Turban wound round red cap.

Folio from an album of paintings showing Turkish sultans and court officials. Sipahi zade, son of a sipahi (cavalryman). Fur-lined black kaftan, red robe and trousers, gold belt, blue boots.

Sipahi. Cavalryman wearing a crimson cloak, pale blue tunic, mauve trousers, white sash (kuşak) with a dagger in a scabbard, high yellow boots. The turban is large and loosely wound, with a plume in the centre.

Sipahi. Cavalryman wearing a crimson cloak, pale blue tunic, mauve trousers, white sash (kuşak) with a dagger in a scabbard, high yellow boots. The turban is large and loosely wound, with a plume in the centre.

Yeniçeri. Very young Janissary wearing the head-dress with a plume-holder and carrying a staff (asa). Black sleeveless kaftan with fur lining. Blue tunic, dark blue kuşak, red tights and yellow ankle boots.

Very young Janissary wearing the head-dress with a plume-holder and carrying a staff (asa). Black sleeveless kaftan with fur lining. Blue tunic, dark blue kuşak, red tights and yellow ankle boots.

Ulak or tatar. Messenger or government courier who travelled on horseback. Carrying a whip. Wearing a dark green tunic, crimson trousers and high boots and the distinctive round head-dress, tatar kalpaği.

Ulak or tatar. Messenger or government courier who travelled on horseback. Carrying a whip. Wearing a dark green tunic, crimson trousers and high boots and the distinctive round head-dress, tatar kalpaği.

Azeb. A marine. Green tunic, blue knee-breeches, red stockings, yellow ankle boots. Knife (kârd) in a scabbard is attached to his blue sash by a cord. Red cap with small brim and full crown (barata).

A marine. Knife (kârd) in a scabbard is attached to his blue sash by a cord. Red cap with small brim and full crown (barata).

Re'îs. Captain of a ship or a galley. Wearing a red kaftan with silver frogging. Blue robe, white kuşak to which a dagger in a gold scabbard is attached by a long cord, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. Tightly wound white turban with a red cap.

Captain of a ship or a galley. Wearing a red kaftan with silver frogging. Blue robe, white kuşak to which a dagger in a gold scabbard is attached by a long cord, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. Tightly wound white turban with a red cap.

Torba oğlanı. A young Janissary in training, carrying a basket slung over his shoulder, as he goes to market. Wearing a brown cap with the end turned down, green tunic, pale blue knee breeches, white stockings, yellow shoes, light blue kuşak.

Torba oğlanı. A young Janissary in training, carrying a basket slung over his shoulder, as he goes to market. Wearing a brown cap with the end turned down, green tunic, pale blue knee breeches, white stockings, yellow shoes, light blue kuşak.

Yeniçeri aşçi. A cook of the Janissaries. Has the unshaven stubble on his chin seen on other servants, bare fore-arms and carrying a blue cloth bag over his shoulder. Green tunic. Maroon kaftan with blue lining and shirt sleeves. Plume in the plume-holder of his Janissary head-dress. High black boots.

Yeniçeri aşçi. A cook of the Janissaries. Has the unshaven stubble on his chin seen on other servants, bare fore-arms and carrying a blue cloth bag over his shoulder. Green tunic. Maroon kaftan with blue lining and shirt sleeves. Plume in the plume-holder of his Janissary head-dress. High black boots.

Seferli. A Janissary on campaign. Has a plume in the plume-holder on his Janissary head-dress. Dark purple kaftan with black lining and very long sleeves. Pale blue tunic, white kuşak, red knee breeches, white stockings and yellow ankle boots.

A Janissary on campaign. Has a plume in the plume-holder on his Janissary head-dress. Dark purple kaftan with black lining and very long sleeves. Pale blue tunic, white kuşak, red knee breeches, white stockings and yellow ankle boots.

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