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Jewish partisans in Belorussia in 1943. Partisans were usually recruited among young men. As this left the rest of the community exposed to German reprisals, so-called "family camps" were established by the partisans in the forests. One of them, the "106 Family Detachment," provided protection for 600 women and children in the forests north of Minsk.
Ben Kamm in Chelm after the war. In 1940 Ben was relocated from Warsaw to the Jewish ghetto. Ben used his blond hair and blue eyes to avoid suspicion outside of the ghetto and performed deliveries to smuggle in food. Ben left the ghetto because he saw he could arrive at the same fate and joined the Russian Partisan group of more than 1,600 fighters led by General Fyodorov. He was trained to place mines under train tracks and disrupt the equipment flow. Ben helped destroy 549 trains in 1943.
Journalist Carl von Ossietzky finds himself in the grips of Heydrich's police apparatus. As editor-in-chief of Die Weltbühne (The World Stage) newspaper Ossietzky spoke out against militarism and fascism. Arrested the day after the Reichstag fire, he remained in Gestapo custody for five years, despite receiving the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize. Although in poor health, he was subjected to harsh treatment in concentration camps and finally succumbed to tuberculosis in May 1938.
(Jannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft), also known as Hannie Schaft, also known as "The Girl With the Red Hair." Dutch Resistance Fighter. Known for yelling "I could shoot better!" after being fatally wounded by a shot fired by a German solider after she was arrested and sentenced to execution for her involvement in the Dutch resistance of WWII.
She looks younger than I thought! Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, and Christoph Probst, members of the Nazi resistance. All three were executed by guillotine. Sophie Scholl: "How can we expect fate to let a righteous cause prevail when there is hardly anyone who will give himself up undividedly to a righteous cause?"
Kibbutzes had been set up in pre-war Poland to train young people in agricultural techniques prior to their settlement in Palestine. During the German occupation, these kibbutzes continued to exist until late 1943. In winter 1942/43, the Jewish Fighting Organisation was formed in Krakow by young people including the famous couple Szymon and Gusta Dränger from the Akiba movement. The attempt to organize the mass escape of Jews from the Bochnia Ghetto, during the "September Aktion", failed.
British General Orde Wingate (1903-1944) won lasting fame for his guerrilla activities in Burma during World War II. He also was in Palestine in 1936-39 where he organized Jewish paramilitary squads against Arab saboteurs. He led the "Gideon's Force" guerillas who fought in Ethiopia against the Italians (1940-41). A clever tactician, Wingate met an untimely death -- killed in an airplane crash shortly after having been named a major general commanding air strikes into Burma.
Chaviva Reick (1914–1944) was one of more than 30 Palestinian Jewish parachutists sent by the Jewish Agency and Special Operations Executive on military missions in Nazi occupied Europe. In 1944, Chaviva successfully parachuted into Slovakia, engaged in relief and rescue activities, and created escape routes for Jewish children, before being discovered by the Waffen SS. She was shot and buried in a mass grave. In 1952 her remains were interred at Mount Herzl.
Isak Kamchi was born in Bitola, Macedonia. During WW II Isak led a partisan unit operating in Croatia. He established a safehouse at his parent's home in Zagreb. His mother ran the safehouse, cooking for the men and nursing them back to health. When the Germans discovered the safehouse, they offered Isak protection in exchange for his surrender. However, when he did surrender, he was arrested and later killed. He may have been publicly hanged.
Frieda Belinfante, was a half-Jewish lesbian member of a gay resistance group called the CKC. She participated in the planning of the destruction of the Amsterdam Population Registry in March 1943, and was also active in falsifying identity cards and arranging hiding places for Jews and others sought by the Nazis. In December 1943, Belinfante escaped to Switzerland via Belgium and France. After the war, she returned briefly to Amsterdam and then emigrated to the United States.
Rosa Jochmann was born on July 19, 1901, in Austria. The Gestapo arrested her for her resistance activities in 1939. Rosa was taken to Ravensbrück in 1940, and became block elder of Barrack One. In 1943, she was placed in the punishment bunker because she had organized food for other prisoners. After World War II, she was a member of the Austrian senate for many years. She died in 1994.