History of Islam
Last updated 6 years ago
أقيِلوا عَثراتِكُم بِـ العَودةِ إلىَ الله ، هَـاهيَـا خيرُ الأيَّام وأحبَّها إلىَ الله قَد أقبِلتْ فشمِّروا لهَـا وأروا الله مِنْ أنفُسِكُم خيراً ، كبِّروا ، هلِّلوا وإسألوا الله العَونْ ، فمَـاخابَ ولاخسِر منْ بِـ الله إستعَـان وعليهِ توكّل “) وليكُن ديِدنكُم ” وَعَجِلْتُ إِلَيْكَ رَبِّ لِتَرْضَىٰ “ اللهُمَّ وفقنَـا للعملِ الصَّالح ، وسدِّدنا لـ،الخيِر وثبِّتنا عليه
Basement of Masjid al-Aqsa - IslamicLandmarks.com
Basement of Masjid al-Aqsa The stone pillars on the right are believed by some to have been erected by jinnat in the time of Prophet Sulaiman (upon him be peace). The small mihrab is regarded to be the place where Maryam (upon him be peace) used to receive out of season fruits when she was pregnant with Prophet Isa (upon him be peace).
Inclusion in Islam of the Prophet's Dignified Parents
This place is said to be the 1st Qabar Sharif of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho at Dar an-Nabigha in Madina Munawwarah 4. Umm Samā’ah Asmā bint Abi-RaHm Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho narrates from her mother who was present with Sayyidah Āminah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho before she passed away: Sayyidunā MuHammad SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam was about 5 or 6 years old sitting at his mother’s head side. The compassionate mother looked at her beloved son and said these words: بارك فيك الله من غلام يا ابن الذي من حومة الحمام نخابعون الملك المنعام فودى غداة الصرب باسهام بمائة من الابل السوام و ان صح ماانصرت في المنام فانت مبعوث الى الانام تبعث في الحل و في الحرم تبعث في التحقيق و الاسلام دين ابيك البرابر اهام فالله اناهك عن الاصنام ان لا تواليها مع الاقوام O Pure Son! My Allāh keep Barakāt in you O Beloved Son! By him, who is saved from the house of death. By the help of the generous King, Allāh The morning in which a ballot was put, A hundred tall camels sacrificed in thanksgiving If it is correct according to what I dreamt, Then you will be made the Prophet of the Universe which is the Religion of your pious Father Ibrā’hīm. I give you the oath of Allāh and forbid you from the Idols And do not have friendship with such nations. [Mawahib al Laduniya, 1:169 / Dalail an-Nabuwwah] This final testimony and advice of Hadrat Sayyidah Āminah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho to her Karīm and Darling Son just moments before departing from this mundane world, AlHamdulillāh, is about TawHīd and refutation of Shirk. Her golden words are as radiant as the mid-day sun which clearly announces her declaration of steadfastness on Islām’ and the ‘Pure Dīn’ of Sayyidunā Nabī Ibrā’hīm Alaihis Salam. Besides this, what else is known as Īmān al- Kāmil ? And furthermore, there is full confirmation of the declaration of the Risālah of Sayyidunā Rasoolullāh SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam which he later made in his general public announcement of Prophethood. [This certainly completes the required verification of both, the TawHīd of Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and the Risālah of the Nabī SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. What more is now required to qualify for Īmān al-Kāmil ?] 5. Thereafter, Sayyidah Āminah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho said: كلّ حى ميت ، و كلّ جديد بال ، و كلّ كبير لفينى و انا متينه و ذكرى باق و قد تركت خير و ولدت طهرا Every life has to die, every new thing will eventually get old and no matter how big a thing may be, it will one day perish. I am dying but my remembrance will always remain. And what a great gift am I leaving behind and what exceptional purity was born from me. [Mawahib al Laduniya, 1:70] These were her last words and she passed away after uttering them. انا لله و انا اليه راجعون ، رضى الله تعالى عنها و صلى الله تعالى على ابنها الكر يم و ذويه و بارك و سلم The Perception of her Imān and Prediction is worthy of deliberation! She predicts; “I will die but my remembrance will always remain.” In this world, thousands of princesses with crowns and kingdoms came and went with great spectacle, but they eventually became unknown dust and patches of the earth. Who remembers them and how many people know their names? On the contrary, who does not know the name of the chaste and honourable mother of the beloved Nabī SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam? She is remembered with admiration and dignity in all four corners of the world and even in the serene Heavens of the arcane territories. The skies and earths echo with her praises sung by both man and Angels. These echoes will be heard till Eternity. 6. Hadrat ‘Ayesha Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha narrates that the Prophet SallAllahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam once asked Jibril 'Alaihis Salam about the superiority of his family. So, Jibril 'Alaihis Salaam replied: "I saw the whole world – the east and the west – I did not find one person greater than you and no family greater than Bani Hashim." [Mishkat al-MasabiH, Page 511]
House of Abu Jahal - IslamicLandmarks.com
House of Abu Jahal This spot, just outside the present Masah is believed to be the approximate location of the house of Abu Jahal. Abu Jahal was a relative of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and one of the worst enemies of Islam. He was described by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) as the ‘Fir’awn’ of this Ummah.
Mount Dhubab - IslamicLandmarks.com
Mount Dhubab Mount Dhubab (also known as Mount Ra’yah) is where a famous miracle took place during the digging of the trench. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) struck a large rock which was reduced to pieces and emitted a light. Upon this the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) gave the Muslims the glad tidings of the coming victories over Syria, Persia and Yemen.
Site of the Battle of Uhud - IslamicLandmarks.com
Mount Uhud and site of battle This is a section of Mount Uhud, in front of which the second battle in Islam (the Battle of Uhud) took place in 3 AH. Of this mountain the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) declared, “This mountain loves us and we love it.” [Muslim]
Fort of Ka'b bin Ashraf - IslamicLandmarks.com
Fort of Ka’b bin Ashraf These are the remains of the fort of Ka’b bin Ashraf, an extremely wealthy Jewish poet who stirred up great hatred for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and the Muslims. He was killed here in 3 A.H. on the orders of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him).
Masjid al-Aqsa (Bayt al-Maqdis) - IslamicLandmarks.com
Masjid al-Aqsa (Bayt al-Maqdis) Masjid al-Aqsa is not only the Qibly mosque (with the silver/black dome) or the Dome of the Rock. It is in fact the whole region highlighted above and is also known as Bayt al-Maqdis or Bayt al-Muqaddas (House of the Holiness). The name ‘Masjid al-Aqsa’ translates as ‘the farthest mosque’ and is the third most holy place in Islam. It was here that in around 621 CE the Prophet Muhammed (peace be on him) came on the night journey from Makkah riding on the Buraq.
Masjid al-Buraq - IslamicLandmarks.com
Buraq masjid This small structure, on the south-west corner of the al-Aqsa compound is believed to be the place where the Prophet Muhammed (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) tied the Buraq, the winged riding animal upon which he rode during the Night of Ascension. The wall on the right is the other side of what the Jews call the Wailing Wall.
Interior of The Dome of the Rock - IslamicLandmarks.com
Interior of The Dome of the Rock This rock is believed to be the place from where the Prophet Muhammed (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) ascended to heaven (mi’raj) during his night journey to Jerusalem. It is the opinion of some scholars that the angel Israfeel (upon him be peace) will blow the soor (trumpet) from this place to herald the Day of Judgement.
Al-Azhar University - IslamicLandmarks.com
Al-Azhar University In Cairo is one of the oldest universities in the world. It is connected to the masjid in Cairo named to honour Fatima Az-Zahraa (may Allah be pleased with him), the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) from whom the Fatimid Dynasty claimed descent. Studies began at Al-Azhar in the month of Ramadan 975 CE. The University had faculties in Islamic law and jurisprudence, Arabic grammar, Islamic astronomy, Islamic philosophy, and logic.