Amsterdam, 1690. Copperplate engraving with etching. National Library of Medicine. Govard Bidloo (1649-1713) [anatomist] Gérard de Lairesse (1640-1711) [artist] This stark dissection—with ragged flesh fully displayed and hands bound with a cord—signals a commitment to a higher level of realism. To our eyes, the picture may suggest a distressing indifference to, or even pleasure in, human suffering.