Traditional festive costume of the Alevi villages west of Edremit (Balıkesir province). Mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Tahtacı, Alevi Türkmen. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive costume of the Alevi villages west of Edremit (Balıkesir province).

Close-up of a traditional bridal costume from Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. in the valley of Çölovası. Clothing style of the 1950s. The copper, nickle and silver coins adorning the headgear, and the beadwork necklaces are late-Ottoman (19th – early 20th century). (Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-up of a traditional bridal costume from Türkmen villages in the Dinar…

Festive/ceremonial costume of some Alevi-Türkmen villages in the NW part of the Sivas province. 1970-2000 (and still in use). Mind the beadwork items: ‘saç bağı’ (hear ties, falling down from the back of the hat) & ‘bel bağı’ (waistband); both have 12 tassels, symbolizing the Alevi belief in the 12th imam, an ultimate savior of humankind who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) and fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice. (Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Festive/ceremonial costume of some Alevi-Türkmen villages in the NW part of the…

Traditional bridal headgear from Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. in the valley of Çölovası. Style of the 1950s. Adorned with 19th century Ottoman coins: copper coins hanging from the ‘tepelik’ (metal cover of the cap) and silver & nickel coins attached to the ‘gıdıklık’ (the chain hanging along the temples and passing under the chin). (Inv.nr. baş031 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive headgear - from Adiyaman & Malatya provinces/ Turkey.

A traditional festive costume of betrothed girls from Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Ca. 1950-1985. In some villages, betrothed girls wear the ‘arkalık’ (triangular waistcloth) on the hip instead of on the back (and also: on top of the ‘önlük’/apron, instead of under it). (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume of betrothed girls from Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Ca. 1950-1985. In some villages, betrothed girls wear the ‘arkalık’ (triangular waistcloth) on the hip instead of on the back (and also: on top of the ‘önlük’/apron, instead of under it). (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive headgear of an Üsküdarlı Tahtacı woman, from the Bergama region. Consisting in a large white headscarf (adorned with coloured ribbons, metallic sequins, glass beads & silk tassels), two smaller scarves, a forehead band, a chin band and temple ornaments; the latter three are adorned with metal sequins and/or glass beadwork. Clothing style: ca. 1970. The Tahtacı are Alevi Türkmen. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive headgear of an Üsküdarlı Tahtacı woman, from the Bergama region. Consisting in a large white headscarf (adorned with coloured ribbons, metallic sequins, glass beads

Traditional festive costume of the Yörüks, from the mountainous districts of the Fethiye province. Style: mid-20th century. This is a (good) recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

Traditional festive costume of the Yörüks, from the mountainous districts of the Fethiye province. This is a (good) recent workshop-made copy, as worn by folk dance groups.

A traditional bridal costume from the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Late-Ottoman urban style, with ‘goldwork’ (silvery metal thread) embroidered robe & vest, ca. mid-20th century. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional bridal costume from the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Late-Ottoman urban style, with ‘goldwork’ (silvery metal thread) embroidered robe & vest, ca. mid-20th century. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive headgears of the Alevi villages west of Edremit (Balıkesir province). Mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Tahtacı, Alevi Türkmen. Some constituents of the headgear are late 19th / early 20th century (small plates with chains, copper/nickel/silver coins). (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive headgears of the Alevi villages west of Edremit (Balıkesir province). Mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Tahtacı, Alevi Türkmen. Some constituents of the headgear are late 19th / early 20th century (small plates with chains, copper/nickel/silver coins). (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume of Alevi Türkmen in the Zile district (Tokat province). These costumes are still in use for religious gatherings, (2010s).

A traditional festive costume of Alevi Türkmen in the Zile district (Tokat province). These costumes are still in use for religious gatherings,

Traditional bridal costume from Merkez Kapıkaya köyü (near Bergama, north of Izmir). Mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Kozak, Alevi Türkmen. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium). Reference: ‘Türkmen Giyimi’ – Sabiha Tansuğ.

Traditional bridal costume from Merkez Kapıkaya köyü (near Bergama, north of Izmir). Mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Kozak, Alevi Türkmen. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium). Reference: ‘Türkmen Giyimi’ – Sabiha Tansuğ.

A bridal costume from the Aydın-Ödemiş area. Late-Ottoman, urban (small city) style, ca. 1900. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

bridal costume from the Aydın-Ödemiş area. Late-Ottoman, urban (small city) style, ca.

‘Gerdanlık’. Beadwork necklace, to be worn close to the neck. Mid 20th century. From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. Çölovası köyleri. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Beadwork necklace, to be worn close to the neck. From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.n° - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-ups of a traditional festive costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı, from the Bergama region. Clothing style: ca. 1970. The Tahtacı are Alevi Türkmen. This costume is similar to those of nearby Kozan Yaylası, but it is simpler, and with beadwork ornaments instead of silver jewelry. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-ups of a traditional festive costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı, from the Bergama region. Clothing style: ca. 1970. The Tahtacı are Alevi Türkmen. This costume is similar to those of nearby Kozan Yaylası, but it is simpler, and with beadwork ornaments instead of silver jewelry. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Adorned ends of a women’s ‘çarpana kemer’ (card-woven belt), which is part of a traditional costume from the Damal and Hanak districts (Ardahan province). Woollen tassels, buttons and glass bead work. 2nd half of 20th century, and still in use. Ethnic group: Alevi Türkmen.

Adorned ends of a women’s ‘çarpana kemer’ (card-woven belt), which is part of a traditional costume from the Damal and Hanak districts (Ardahan province). Woollen tassels, buttons and glass bead work. 2nd half of 20th century, and still in use. Ethnic group: Alevi Türkmen.

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