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A traditional daily costume from the Konya province. Middle-class urban style, worn at home, ca. 1900-1925. Containing: a silk ensemble (‘gömlek’/shirt + ‘şalvar’/baggy trousers), a large embroidered ‘yazma’ (headscarf), a silk ‘kuşak’ (waist band) and low boots-like leather shoeware. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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A traditional festive costume from the Konya province.  Late-Ottoman urban fashion, end of 19th century.  With garments and jewelry from 1875-1900, or earlier.  Top picture: ‘summer’ costume; bottom picture: ‘winter’ (cold weather) costume.  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume from the Konya province. Late-Ottoman urban fashion, end of 19th century. With garments and jewelry from 1875-1900, or earlier. Top picture: ‘summer’ costume; bottom picture: ‘winter’ (cold weather) costume. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Close-up of a traditional bridal costume from the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Village (rural) style, ca. mid-20th century. Below: the three layers of adorned garments that cover the breast (the jewels were removed, to offer better sight): a ‘gömlek’ (shirt), an ‘iç yelek’ (inner bodice) and a ‘dış yelek’ (outer bodice). Over these three, a fourth garment is worn: the red ‘güdük’ (quilted vest). (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Traditional festive costume from the Muğla province. Robe of a not yet betrothed girl. Urban style, early 20th cenntury. Type: 'bindallı entari' (embroidered robe). On exhibit (2003) in the Muğla Provincial Museum. (Picture: J.M. Criel – Archives of Kavak/Antwerpen).

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A traditional festive ensemble (‘şalvar’/baggy trousers + ‘cepken’/long-sleeved vest) from the Bursa region. Late-Ottoman, well-to-do rural style, circa 1925. Adorned with goldwork embroidery (in ‘Maraş işi’-technique) on silk. Trousers and vest were purchased in Bursa in 1988. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Traditional bridal/festive costume from the Urfa province. 1980s. From the Arabic speaking population of the region. Robe and caftan were purchased in the Urfa Çarşısı (Covered Bazaar) in 1987. The ‘başlık’ (headgear) is antique. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Traditional festive ensemble from Bilecik. Urban style, 1925-1950. ‘Şalvar’ (baggy trousers) and ‘cepken’ (long-sleeved vest) in velvet, adorned with ‘goldwork’ embroidery (silver thread, ‘Maraş işi’) and silk (multicoloured flower motifs). (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Close-up of a traditional bridal costume from the Bilecik province. Urban style. All items date from c. 1900-1925, except the gilt copper belt buckles, which were made in Beypazarı in the 1990s. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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Traditional bridal/festive costume, from the Seyitgazi district (prov. Eskişehir). A remainder of the so-called ‘Bahriye’-style (= ‘Navy’), which was popular in Istanbul in the early 20th century. Silver thread embroidery on silk. The ensemble was made c. 1960. The jewelry (‘tokalı kemer’/belt & ‘muskalık’/amulet necklace) are older: 1900-1925. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi&Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

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