From Caliphate to Secular State: Power Struggle in the Early Turkish Republic: This insightful analysis looks at the power struggles of a time during which the Ottoman Empire was replaced by a secular and modernist Turkish nationalist regime.
Begum Jahanara Shahnawaz (1896–1979) was a politician in British India and in Pakistan. She was the first woman to preside over an Asian legislature. She and Shaista Ikramullah were the only two women in the Pakistan Constituent Assembly and Central Legislature. She was noted for her opposition to Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar's proposition that Pakistan be an Islamic country, arguing that Jinnah envisaged it as a secular state.