bası bozuk

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Ottoman Zeybeks (Zeibek / Ziebek). Zeybecks were irregular militia and guerrilla fighters living in the Aegean Region of the Ottoman Empire from late 17th to early 20th centuries, of Thracian origin.

Ottoman Zeybeks (Zeibek / Ziebek). Zeybecks were irregular militia and guerrilla fighters living in the Aegean Region of the Ottoman Empire from late 17th to early 20th centuries, of Thracian origin.

Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

'A  Bashi Bazouk', ca. 1870.  Painting by Carl Haag (1820-1915).  Costume from the Aegean region, typical of  the ‘Efe / Zeybek’ (the local 18th-19th century people’s militia, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands, or joined the Ottoman army as ‘başıbozuk’ (mercenary, or irregular soldier).

'A Bashi Bazouk', ca. 1870. Painting by Carl Haag (1820-1915). Costume from the Aegean region, typical of the ‘Efe / Zeybek’ (the local 18th-19th century people’s militia, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands, or joined the Ottoman army as ‘başıbozuk’ (mercenary, or irregular soldier).

Turkish basi bozuk in Bulgaria 1877-78. Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

Turkish basi bozuk in Bulgaria 1877-78. Bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk (Turkish literally "damaged head", meaning "free headed", "leaderless", "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. Particularly noted for their lack of discipline.

An ‘Efe’ (or: ‘Zeybek’) from the Izmir region, in traditional outfit.  Late-Ottoman era, 1860-1880.  The ‘Efe / Zeybek’ were the 18th-19th century people’s militia of the Aegean coastal area, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands.

An ‘Efe’ (or: ‘Zeybek’) from the Izmir region, in traditional outfit. Late-Ottoman era, 1860-1880. The ‘Efe / Zeybek’ were the 18th-19th century people’s militia of the Aegean coastal area, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands.

"A Seated Bashi-Bazouk"  by Stanislaus Von Chlebowski

"A Seated Bashi-Bazouk" by Stanislaus Von Chlebowski

Portrait of two ‘Efe / Zeybek’ (the local 18th-19th century people’s militia from the Aegean region), who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands, or joined the Ottoman army as ‘başıbozuk’ (mercenary, or irregular soldier).  The photograph dates from the late 19th century.

Portrait of two ‘Efe / Zeybek’ (the local 18th-19th century people’s militia from the Aegean region), who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands, or joined the Ottoman army as ‘başıbozuk’ (mercenary, or irregular soldier). The photograph dates from the late 19th century.

Charles Bargue (French, 1826-1883) (Pharyah)

Charles Bargue (French, 1826-1883) (Pharyah)

Zeibek costume from the Maeander plain. - LABORDE, Léon Emmanuel - GEZGİNLERİN BAKIŞI - Yerler - Anıtlar – İnsanlar Güneydoğu Avrupa - Doğu Akdeniz Yunanistan - Anadolu - Güney İtalya - 15. yüzyıl - 20. yüzyıl

Zeibek costume from the Maeander plain. - LABORDE, Léon Emmanuel - GEZGİNLERİN BAKIŞI - Yerler - Anıtlar – İnsanlar Güneydoğu Avrupa - Doğu Akdeniz Yunanistan - Anadolu - Güney İtalya - 15. yüzyıl - 20. yüzyıl

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