Two ‘gerdanlık’ (necklace, to be worn close to the neck).  Part of the traditional festive woman’s costume from Nebiköy (15 km NE of Tokat city).  Beadwork, mid-20th century, bought from the village in 1989.  (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Two ‘gerdanlık’ (necklace, to be worn close to the neck). Part of the traditional festive woman’s costume from Nebiköy km NE of Tokat city). Beadwork, century, bought from the village in (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive headgear for ‘genç kız’ (= not yet betrothed girls). From the Pomak villages near Biga (Çanakkale prov.), mid-20th c.  The cap is adorned with metal sequins, glass beads, metal (imitation) Ottoman coins, (cotton or orlon) pom-poms.  Characteristic for the headgear is the lavishly adorned ‘imitation hair’ (black cotton plaits, attached to the back of the hat). (Inv.nr. ba$034  - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive headgear for ‘genç kız’ (= not yet betrothed girls).

‘Gerdanlık’.  Beadwork necklace, for women.  Mid-20th century.  From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. Çölovası köyü.  Glass and plastic pearls, metallic sequins.  (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

‘Gerdanlık’. Beadwork necklace, for women. Mid-20th century. From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. Çölovası köyü. Glass and plastic pearls, metallic sequins. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

‘Gerdanlık’ (necklace, to be worn close to the neck) and ‘bilezik’ (bracelet).  For women.  Turkish beadwork, from the northern part of the Burgas province (Bulgaria).  Mid-20th century.  (Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

‘Gerdanlık’ (necklace, to be worn close to the neck) and ‘bilezik’ (bracelet). Turkish beadwork, from the northern part of the Burgaz province (Bulgaria).

‘Kolye / Gerdanlık’. Beadwork necklace, mid 20th century. From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. Çölovası köyleri. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

‘Kolye / Gerdanlık’. Beadwork necklace, mid 20th century. From Türkmen villages in the Dinar district (Afyon province), e.g. Çölovası köyleri. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large traditional headscarf (called 'çekili yazma') from the Bergama region.  Part of the festive female costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı.  Made of white cotton.  Square; one corner is adorned with ribbons of different colours, metal sequins, glass beads and multicoloured tassels in silky cotton; two long and similarly decorated extensions ('çeki') start from the adjacent corners and will fall down on the woman's back. (Inv.n° yaz118 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large traditional headscarf (called 'çekili yazma') from the Bergama region. Part of the festive female costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı. Made of white cotton. Square; one corner is adorned with ribbons of different colours, metal sequins, glass beads and multicoloured tassels in silky cotton; two long and similarly decorated extensions ('çeki') start from the adjacent corners and will fall down on the woman's back. (Inv.n° yaz118 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume from Pomak villages near Biga (Çanakkale prov.), mid-20th c.  Setting: ‘evli kadın’ (married woman).  Characteristics: 1) the ‘önlük’ (apron) is worn on top  of the ‘arkalık kuşak’ (triangular waist cloth):  2) the hat & imitation hair (black cotton plaits, attached to back of the hat) are covered by the headscarf.  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume from Pomak villages near Biga (Çanakkale prov.), mid-20th c. Setting: ‘evli kadın’ (married woman). Characteristics: 1) the ‘önlük’ (apron) is worn on top of the ‘arkalık kuşak’ (triangular waist cloth): 2) the hat & imitation hair (black cotton plaits, attached to back of the hat) are covered by the headscarf. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Two bracelets in beadwork. Turkish work, from the northern part of the Burgaz province (Bulgaria), mid-20th century. Glass beads and cotton strings. (Inv.nrs. bon007a&b - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Two bracelets in beadwork. Turkish work, from the northern part of the Burgaz province (Bulgaria), century. Glass beads and cotton strings.

Adorned ends of a women’s ‘çarpana kemer’ (card-woven belt), which is part of a traditional costume from the Damal and Hanak districts (Ardahan province).  Woollen tassels, buttons and glass bead work.  2nd half of 20th century, and still in use. Ethnic group: Alevi Türkmen.

Adorned ends of a women’s ‘çarpana kemer’ (card-woven belt), which is part of a traditional costume from the Damal and Hanak districts (Ardahan province). Woollen tassels, buttons and glass bead work. 2nd half of 20th century, and still in use. Ethnic group: Alevi Türkmen.

An ‘arkalık’ (waist cloth)  from the Pomak villages near Biga (Çanakkale prov.).  Part of the traditional festive costume for women.  1950-1975.  The triangular printed cotton fabric is adorned with cotton crochet lace & interweaving, (cotton or orlon) pom-poms & tassels, and lots of sequins (both metal and mica).  (Inv.nr. ark028 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

An ‘arkalık’ (waist cloth) from the Pomak villages near Biga (Çanakkale prov.

'Oyalı yazma' (headscarf edged with Turkish lace), ca. mid-20th century.  Probably from the Bursa region.  Block printed cotton, edged with cotton 'iğne oyası' (needle lace) featuring a two-dimensional (stylized) flower.  (Inv.n° yaz126 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

'Oyalı yazma' (headscarf edged with Turkish lace), ca. mid-20th century. Probably from the Bursa region. Block printed cotton, edged with cotton 'iğne oyası' (needle lace) featuring a two-dimensional (stylized) flower. (Inv.n° yaz126 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

‘Kese’ (purse).  From the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa).  Part of the traditional bridal/festive costume, 1990s.  Adorned with glass pearls, oya (Turkish lace), woollen (orlon) tassels and metal sequins.  (Inv.nr. kes023  - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

From the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district…

Woman's hat.  From rural Bulgaria, end of 19th century.  Adorned with cotton embroidery, glass beads, metal sequins and old coins; featuring a 'chin chain' with two rows of Bulgarian '5 Stotinki' coins (copper-nickle alloy).

From rural Bulgaria, end of century. Adorned with cotton embroidery, glass beads, metal sequins and old coins; featuring a 'chin chain' with two rows of Bulgarian Stotinki' coins (copper-nickle alloy).

Traditional woollen ‘önlük’ (apron) from the Pomak villages in the Biga district (Çanakkale province).  Locally called 'önleç'; part of a bridal/festive costume, mid-20th century.  Edged with cotton crochet lace, and adorned with small metallic spirals, cotton embroideries, small glass beads, and lots of sequins (both metal and mica).  (Inv.nr. önL101 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional woollen ‘önlük’ (apron) from the Pomak villages in the Biga district…

Two traditional woollen ‘önlük’ (apron) from the Tokat province.  Rural, Alevi Türkmen, ca. 1975. century.  Edged with multicoloured woollen tassels.  The multicoloured design is not embroidered, but woven (in ‘zili’-technique).  (Inv.nr. önL012&013 - Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Two traditional woollen ‘önlük’ (apron) from the Tokat province. Rural, Alevi Türkmen, ca. 1975. century. Edged with multicoloured woollen tassels. The multicoloured design is not embroidered, but woven (in ‘zili’-technique). (Inv.nr. önL012&013 - Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional woollen apron from the Dursunbey area (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century.  Adorned with embroidered motifs (wool and orlon), small tassels, glass beads, white buttons and metal sequins.  The lower edge features  row of black wool fringes.  (Inv.n° önL057 - Kavak Costume Collection -Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional woollen apron from the Dursunbey area (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century. Adorned with embroidered motifs (wool and orlon), small tassels, glass beads, white buttons and metal sequins. The lower edge features row of black wool fringes. (Inv.n° önL057 - Kavak Costume Collection -Antwerpen/Belgium).

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