Kaaba--God's House in the middle of the Great Mosque in Mecca--toward which all Muslims pray and around which all pilgrims circumambulate. A mystical link between heaven and earth for Muslims. It is the physical orientation of Muslim sacred space.
Leaf from Futuh al-Haramain (Description of the Two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), century; Ottoman Probably Turkey Ink, colors, and gold on paper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Age of Süleyman "the Magnificent" (r.