The curved blade is richly decorated with intricate Turkish and oriental motifs, including a fire-gilded lion’s head on the hilt, while its gilt and embossed shagreen scabbard features two rings in order to hang from a belt. Mameluke swords take their name from Mamluk warriors of Ottoman Egypt. Today, modern Mameluke swords are worn by U.S. Marine officers, commemorating the Marines’ service during the First Barbary War, 1801-1805. Source: Copyright © 2013 M.S. Rau Antiques LLC.