Art history chapter 2
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Page 69-Image #31. Title: Gold dinar imitating a Byzantine coin design. Location: Syria. year: 692-4. materials: minted coins. significance: The front of the coin shows three standing figures. These coins imitated the coins of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius. They removed the Christian symbolism and changed the Byzantine imperial costume to Arab dress.
Page 67-Image #30. Title: Gold Dinar. Location: Syria. year: 696-7. materials: minted coins. significance: The increasing importance and regularity of writing in this period of time was seen on their coins. Minting in Syria began in Abd al-Malik's time. This type of coin would be characteristic of virtually all Islamic coinage up to modern times
Image 28 - Forms of k-t-b. Arabic is based on a system of roots where three consonants denote a semantic concept. The combination of k-t-b is a root that conveys the idea of writing. Written Arabic records only the consonants and the long vowels, leaving some definitions up to the reader. Page 63 - Islamic Arts by Bloom
Image 27 - Chart of the letters of the Arabic alphabet showing the transcription and various forms (Name, Transcription, Final, Medial, Initial, Independent). Evidence of writing in Arabia goes back many centuries before the advent of Islam, the first evidence for classical Arabic appears in Syria dating to 328. Page 60 Islamic Arts by Bloom
Chapter 2: Image: 33 pg: 68 Name: Gold Dinar Minted Syria, 696-7. Gold. University Museum, Philadelphia, on loan to American Numismatic Society, New York. Importance: regularity of writing and inscriptions on coins.Front: figures disappeared, profession of faith fills centre of coin and part of edges, space taken by Koran 9.33, about prophetic mission.