25 Pins 5y
Once the western railroads of the US have been completed, many Chinese immigrants are out of a job & begin competing with blue-collar men of European ethnicity. The Chinese tend to be more hard working & willing to work for less, so they are often chosen by business owners & vintners. This leads to a backlash in which Chinese immigrants are lynched from Wyoming to Los Angeles. The press backs up lynchers with abusive racism, & eventually Congress will pass a law denying the Chinese rights.
You May Not Know About The First Chinese Americans, But You Should
During WWII, Chinese Americans and their supporters petitioned Congress to repeal the Chinese Exclusion Act. The 60-year statute was overturned in 1943, the year this ad was printed in the publication Chinese Press. However, Chinese immigration remained subject to severe quotas. Courtesy of Chinese Historical Society of America (CHSA).
The act originally was made to last for ten years, but when the ten years were up, Congress renewed the act for ten more years with the Geary Act. Then, in 1902 they renewed the Act once more but gave it no terminal date. In 1943, the Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed by the Magnuson Act which allowed 105 Chinese immigrants into the United States per year, the year China joined forces with the Allies in WW II.
The "yellow terror" also called the "yellow peril" coincided with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. At the time, labor leader Samuel Gompers argued that, "the superior whites had to exclude the inferior Asiatics, by law, or if necessary, by force of arms." In the early 1900s Asians were often lynched by vigilante groups, much like blacks in the South.
2009 » March Our Nineteenth-Century American Museum
The Chinese Question by Thomas Nast. Lady America protects a Chinese immigrant from a mob. Behind the crowd is a burning building labeled Colored Orphan Asylum and a tree with a noose hanging from it. The protesters are carrying signs labeled Our Rights, We rule, and If Our Ballot Will Not Stop Them Coming To Our Country the Bullet Will. Newspaper clippings insult Chinese immigrants, such as John Chinaman is an Idolater Heathen. The cartoon is captioned “Hands off, Gentlemen! America means fair
The Chinese in San Francisco remained so attached to their homeland that they didn't want to be buried anywhere else. For years, "death ships" laden with Chinese corpses, bones, and ashes plied the Pacific, returning the remains of Chinese immigrants to their native soil. In 1858, for example, the ship Asia sailed from San Francisco to Hong Kong, bearing the embalmed bodies of 321 Chinese in its hold. The same year, the American clipper Flying Cloud sailed the same route, carrying 200 Chinese co