View of excavations. Zeugma, Turkey, was founded by the Macedonian Seleucid ruler Nicator I, this Hellenistic city grew in prosperity during Roman times since it lay on the Silkroad to China. Zeugma’s mosaics, ceramics, statues, and frescos are spectacular. The people of Zeugma enjoyed a magnificent lifestyle in their city on the Euphrates until the Sassanid invasion in 252 AD, when the city was burnt and razed. After the Turks took the region, the city became known as the Belkýs Ruins.