Babur supervising the laying out of the Garden of Fidelity, Mughal watercolour.
Akbar 1630, Mughal.
Wooden Turkish Sufi emblem, eighteenth to nineteenth century; based on the Arabic word ash-shafi ('the Healer'), one of Allah's names. (The David Collection)
Calligraphy is an ancient art of handwriting for which people took much pride in creating. This specific picture of a dancing man in traditional middle eastern garment consists of arab calligraphy.