Paris, Louvre. Amphora. Croesus (named Kroisos), king of Lydia (c. 560-540), sits, enthroned – garlanded with laurel, holding his sceptre and making a libation from a phiale - on a high pyre stoked by his servant (named Euthymos). A friend of the Greeks, the story goes that when the Persians overthrew him he prepared for death but Apollo saved him. Date: early 5th c. Both scenes involve the east and they were painted while Athens was threatened by invasions from Persians.