Introduction The Crusades of medieval times have rather proved to be a contentious subject matter, especially given its association with religious fanaticism. But beneath this veneer of political analogy (that tends to be exaggerated), we must understand that the Crusades, while embodying a clash of cultures, also resulted in
Salah Al-Din is famous for being the Arab world biggest hero and the world's most honorable knight, he became the emperor on Egypt and Syria in 1169 and he is most famous for his glorious citadel in Cairo and the fatal battle of hattin in 1187 against the Crusaders over the city of Jerusalem that lasted for three months and ended in Saladin victory, he also fought in 1189 against Richard the Lionheart king of England that ended in a treaty between them.
The Third Crusade (1189-1192 CE) was launched to retake Jerusalem after its fall to the Muslim leader Saladin in 1187 CE. The Crusade was led by three European monarchs, hence its other name of ‘the Kings' Crusade’. The three leaders were: Frederick I Barbarossa, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor (r. 1152-1190 CE), Philip II of France (r. 1180-1223 CE) and Richard I 'the Lionhearted' of England (r. 1189-1199 CE).