A 14th-century AD manuscript of Zakariya ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini's Aja'ib al-makhluqat (The Wonders of Creation). Or. 14140. Copyright © The British Library Board.

A AD manuscript of Zakariya ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini's Aja'ib al-makhluqat (The Wonders of Creation). Copyright © The British Library Board.

Qur˒an Leaf, India, possibly 14th C.. On paper. Verses 162–63 of sura 4 al-Nisā˒ A Persian translation in a small, cursive script written diagonally underneath. In red Kufic Muḥammad warns not to "interpret the Qur˒an by yourself. The purpose of the central gold medallion is unknown."

Qur˒an Leaf with Interlinear Persian Translation Qur˒an leaf, in Arabic and Persian Sultanate India Possibly century On paper 287 x 185 mm Bequest of Belle da Costa Greene, 1950 MS M.

A composition from the 18th or 19th century India and now in a Riyadh collection, heavily stylized Kufic lettering is formed into a shape like a Mihrab or prayer niche. The four central panels contain part of Sura Al-Qalam (The Pen) of the Qur'an.

A composition from the or century India and now in a Riyadh collection, heavily stylized Kufic lettering is formed into a shape like a Mihrab or prayer niche. The four central panels contain part of Sura Al-Qalam (The Pen) of the Qur’an.

Leo  From an egyptian manuscript from the 14th/15th centuries. It reproduces a persian astrological treatise from ~9th century - 'Kitâb al-Mawalid' - by Abû Ma'shar, said to have been the most influential document in the development of western astrology. [Possibly  otherwise known as 'The Book of Nativities' or 'The Book of Revolution of the Birth Years'.]

darksilenceinsuburbia: “ Persian Zodiac These images come form an egyptian manuscript from the centuries. It reproduces a persian astrological treatise from century - ‘Kitâb al-Mawalid’.

Leo  From an egyptian manuscript from the 14th/15th centuries. It reproduces a persian astrological treatise from ~9th century - 'Kitâb al-Mawalid' - by Abû Ma'shar, said to have been the most influential document in the development of western astrology. [Possibly  otherwise known as 'The Book of Nativities' or 'The Book of Revolution of the Birth Years'.]

darksilenceinsuburbia: “ Persian Zodiac These images come form an egyptian manuscript from the centuries. It reproduces a persian astrological treatise from century - ‘Kitâb al-Mawalid’.

Folio from Aja'ib al-Makhluqat (Wonders of Creation) by al-Qazvini; recto: Mountain Swallow (Watwat), Gerboa (Yara'a), Wild Pigeon (Yamamah); verso: text early 15th century, Iraq or Eastern Turkey

Folio from Aja'ib al-Makhluqat (Wonders of Creation) by al-Qazvini; verso: text early century, Iraq or Eastern Turkey

Early Islamic portrayal of Aristotle

An early Islamic depiction of Aristotle and Alexander the Great from the Greek Kingdom of Macedonia

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