2Wa. Balıkesir & Çanakkale: traditional women's clothing.

The provinces of Balıkesir and Çanakkale. Late Ottoman (18th-19th century) & ethnic costumes. Including accessories. Except: clothing of the Pomaks (Biga district, Canakkale prov.)
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Woollen 'çarpana kemer' (card woven belt) for women, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century.  Part of the local traditional rural festive costume.  The decorative endings feature cotton fabric, buttons, woollen fringes, blue & green glass rings (some of them of antique - Roman or early Byzantine - origin) and Cypraea shells (called 'deve boncuğu' in Turkey = camel's bead).  (Inv.n° çrp006 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Woollen 'çarpana kemer' (card woven belt) for women, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century. Part of the local traditional rural festive costume. The decorative endings feature cotton fabric, buttons, woollen fringes, blue & green glass rings (some of them of antique - Roman or early Byzantine - origin) and Cypraea shells (called 'deve boncuğu' in Turkey = camel's bead). (Inv.n° çrp006 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950.  Hand woven cotton; the bottom half is lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950. Hand woven cotton; the bottom half is lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large ‘yazma’ (headscarf).  From the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century.  Part of a rural festive headgear.  Block-printed cotton, adorned with cotton 'oya' (Turkish needle lace) integrating blue glass beads and metal sequins, and edged (on two sides) with glass beads combined with metal sequins.  (Inv.n° yaz105 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large ‘yazma’ (headscarf). From the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century. Part of a rural festive headgear. Block-printed cotton, adorned with cotton 'oya' (Turkish needle lace) integrating blue glass beads and metal sequins, and edged (on two sides) with glass beads combined with metal sequins. (Inv.n° yaz105 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional hand-knitted woollen socks, for women.   From the Türkmen villages to the north of Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir).  Probably from Durabeyler, ca. 1950-1975. (Inv.n° çor080 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional hand-knitted woollen socks, for women. From the Türkmen villages to the north of Dursunbey km east of Balıkesir). Probably from Durabeyler, ca.n° - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Rear (+ close-ups) of a traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950.  Hand woven cotton; the bottom is half lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Rear (+ close-ups) of a traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950. Hand woven cotton; the bottom is half lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional woollen socks, for women.  From northwestern Anatolia, ca. 1990.  (Inv.n° çor196d - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional woollen socks, for women. From northwestern Anatolia, ca.n° - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Two townswomen from Edremit (in the West of the Balıkesir province), wearing traditional embroidered 'üçetek' (robe-with-three-panels).  23 Nisan (April 23th) 1971, on Children's Festival Day.

Two townswomen from Edremit (in the West of the Balıkesir province), wearing traditional embroidered 'üçetek' (robe-with-three-panels). 23 Nisan (April on Children's Festival Day.

Front & rear of a traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950.  Hand woven cotton; the bottom half is lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front & rear of a traditional bridal/festive 'göynek' (underdress) from the Türkmen village of Durabeyler, near Dursunbey (80 km east of Balıkesir), ca. 1925-1950. Hand woven cotton; the bottom half is lavishly adorned with cotton embroidery (squares, diamonds, crosses, stylized flowers & tree-of-life motifs). The lower edge features small cotton tassels. (Inv.n° gnk039 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front and rear of a traditional festive 'cepken' (long-sleeved vest) for women.  From the Keles-Dursunbey area (southern Bursa & southeastern Balıkesir provinces), ca. mid-20th century.  Black velvet, adorned with cotton patchwork, silvery metal thread embroidery (in ‘sarma’ / ‘Maraş işi'-technique), small silvery spirals and metal sequins.  (Inv.n° cep054 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front and rear of a traditional festive 'cepken' (long-sleeved vest) for women. From the Keles-Dursunbey area (southern Bursa & southeastern Balıkesir provinces), ca. mid-20th century. Black velvet, adorned with cotton patchwork, silvery metal thread embroidery (in ‘sarma’ / ‘Maraş işi'-technique), small silvery spirals and metal sequins. (Inv.n° cep054 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front and rear of a silk 'üçetek’ (robe-with-three-panels) from northwestern Anatolia, ca. 1925-1950.  The silk fabric was probably woven in Bursa; the garment is lined with yellow cotton, and edged with 'golden' metallic braid.  (Inv.n° üçe032  - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front and rear of a silk 'üçetek’ (robe-with-three-panels) from northwestern Anatolia, ca. 1925-1950. The silk fabric was probably woven in Bursa; the garment is lined with yellow cotton, and edged with 'golden' metallic braid. (Inv.n° üçe032 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (and sleeve) of a traditional festive 'cepken' (long-sleeved vest) for women.  From the Keles-Dursunbey area (southern Bursa & southeastern Balıkesir provinces), ca. mid-20th century.  Black velvet, adorned with cotton patchwork, silvery metal thread embroidery (in ‘sarma’ / ‘Maraş işi'-technique), small silvery spirals and metal sequins.  (Inv.n° cep054 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (and sleeve) of a traditional festive 'cepken' (long-sleeved vest) for women. From the Keles-Dursunbey area (southern Bursa & southeastern Balıkesir provinces), ca. mid-20th century. Black velvet, adorned with cotton patchwork, silvery metal thread embroidery (in ‘sarma’ / ‘Maraş işi'-technique), small silvery spirals and metal sequins. (Inv.n° cep054 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Leather belt with middle-sized 'toka' (woman's belt buckles).  From NW Anatolia (possibly Bursa), late-Ottoman, 1850-1900.  Silver plated copper; embossed decor in 19th century 'Turkish Baroque'-style.  (Inv.n° müç204 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Leather belt with middle-sized 'toka' (woman's belt buckles). From NW Anatolia (possibly Bursa), late-Ottoman, Silver plated copper; embossed decor in century 'Turkish Baroque'-style.n° - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Woman's cap, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century.  Part of a rural festive headgear.  Cotton, knitted wool, small white and black glass beads, metal sequins.  (Inv.n° ba$043 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Woman's cap, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century. Part of a rural festive headgear. Cotton, knitted wool, small white and black glass beads, metal sequins. (Inv.n° ba$043 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Girls in traditional festive costumes from the village of Hisaralan (near Sındırgı, Balıkesir province).  Clothing style: second half of 20th century.

Girls in traditional festive costumes from the village of Hisaralan (near Sındırgı, Balıkesir province). Clothing style: second half of century.

Traditional 'önlük' (apron) for women, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century.  Part of a rural festive costume.  Cotton, with small woven (rhombic) motifs in wool (weaving technique: cicim/jijim).  Adorned with tassels (wool, cotton, orlon), small glass beads and lots of metal sequins.  The downside is edged with orlon fringes.  (Inv.n° önL130 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional 'önlük' (apron) for women, from the Dursunbey district (80 km to the East of Balıkesir), ca. mid-20th century. Part of a rural festive costume. Cotton, with small woven (rhombic) motifs in wool (weaving technique: cicim/jijim). Adorned with tassels (wool, cotton, orlon), small glass beads and lots of metal sequins. The downside is edged with orlon fringes. (Inv.n° önL130 - Kavak Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive costumes from the central district (ilçe) of the Balıkesir province, ca. 1925-1950.

Traditional festive costumes from the central district (ilçe) of the Balıkesir province, ca.

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