AYDIN-ÖDEMÍŞ gelini / bridal costume.

A bridal costume from the Aydın-Ödemiş area. Late-Ottoman, urban (small city) style, ca. 1900. Including pictures of the costume’s 15 components.
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Late-Ottoman 'alınlık' (woman's forehead ornament), to be fixed on the felt hat or headscarves, using the hooks at the back of the three plaques.  From Central Anatolia, early 20th century.  With 105 thin silver Ottoman coins (= rather small change).  Some of them are totally worn out; other prove to be much older than the jewel itself: several bear the date H.1223 (1808/09 AD).  Purchased in Konya in 1994.  (Inv.n° müç041 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman 'alınlık' (woman's forehead ornament), to be fixed on the felt hat or headscarves, using the hooks at the back of the three plaques. From Central Anatolia, early 20th century. With 105 thin silver Ottoman coins (= rather small change). Some of them are totally worn out; other prove to be much older than the jewel itself: several bear the date H.1223 (1808/09 AD). Purchased in Konya in 1994. (Inv.n° müç041 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A silk 'yazma' (headscarf), edged with large silk 'iğne oya' (Turkish needle lace).  From the Izmir region, ca. 1985.  Part of local traditional costumes, for both men and women.  (Inv.n° yaz089 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A silk 'yazma' (headscarf), edged with large silk 'iğne oya' (Turkish needle lace). From the Izmir region, ca. 1985. Part of local traditional costumes, for both men and women. (Inv.n° yaz089 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A bridal costume from the Aydın-Ödemiş area.  Late-Ottoman, urban (small city) style, ca. 1900. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A bridal costume from the Aydın-Ödemiş area. Late-Ottoman, urban (small city) style, ca. 1900. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A silk 'yazma' (headscarf), edged with large silk 'iğne oya' (Turkish needle lace).  From the Izmir region, ca. 1985.  Part of local traditional costumes, for both men and women.  (Inv.n° yaz086 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A silk 'yazma' (headscarf), edged with large silk 'iğne oya' (Turkish needle lace). From the Izmir region, ca. 1985. Part of local traditional costumes, for both men and women. (Inv.n° yaz086 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman necklace, from western Anatolia, ca. 1900.  Silver, coral, turquoise, copper imitation coins.  Length of the pendent: 78 mm (including coin).  Length of the chains: 2 x 23½ cm.  (Inv.n° müç039-Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman necklace, from western Anatolia, ca. 1900. Silver, coral, turquoise, copper imitation coins. Length of the pendent: 78 mm (including coin). Length of the chains: 2 x 23½ cm. (Inv.n° müç039-Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional hand-knitted woollen socks, for women.   From NW Anatolia, ca. 1980s.  (Inv.n° çor199 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional hand-knitted woollen socks, for women. From NW Anatolia, ca. 1980s. (Inv.n° çor199 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Silver ‘muskalık’-necklace (with ‘amulet-holder’).  From eastern or southeastern Anatolia, possibly Kurdish, ca. 1900.  With niello (on the chains and dangles) and agate (dangles).  The cylinder box is 85 mm wide and has a diameter of 16 mm.  The chains are 66 cm long.   (Inv.nr. müç040 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Silver ‘muskalık’-necklace (with ‘amulet-holder’). From eastern or southeastern Anatolia, possibly Kurdish, ca. 1900. With niello (on the chains and dangles) and agate (dangles). The cylinder box is 85 mm wide and has a diameter of 16 mm. The chains are 66 cm long. (Inv.nr. müç040 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Striped silk 'üçetek' (robe with three panels).  From the Aegean region, ca. 1925-1950.  White cotton lining.  Edged with an 'oya' (Turkish lace) in mercerized cotton (motif: branches & flowers, obtained by twisting the yarn).  (Inv.n° üçe018 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Striped silk 'üçetek' (robe with three panels). From the Aegean region, ca. 1925-1950. White cotton lining. Edged with an 'oya' (Turkish lace) in mercerized cotton (motif: branches & flowers, obtained by twisting the yarn). (Inv.n° üçe018 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Embroidered women’s ‘cepken’ (long-sleeved vest). Late-Ottoman, Aegean region,  ca. 1900.  Part of a bridal/festive costume. Silk velvet, adorned with ‘aplike’ (appliqué) technique: the (rather thick) metal thread is first modelled into the intended design, which is fixed with a cotton yarn (mostly on paper as a base).  Then the paper is torn away, and the goldwork is sewn on to the garment. The lining has been renewed.  (Inv.n° cep057 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Embroidered women’s ‘cepken’ (long-sleeved vest). Late-Ottoman, Aegean region, ca. 1900. Part of a bridal/festive costume. Silk velvet, adorned with ‘aplike’ (appliqué) technique: the (rather thick) metal thread is first modelled into the intended design, which is fixed with a cotton yarn (mostly on paper as a base). Then the paper is torn away, and the goldwork is sewn on to the garment. The lining has been renewed. (Inv.n° cep057 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large bridal ‘yazma’ (headscarf) from the Aegean region.  Late-Ottoman, ca. early 20th century.  Silk, embroidered with the ‘telkırma’-technique: geometrical motives obtained by sticking narrow metallic slats (often silver) through the fabric and folding them. The motifs are identical on both sides of the fabric.  Purchased in Aydın, in 2003.  (Inv.n° yaz091 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Large bridal ‘yazma’ (headscarf) from the Aegean region. Late-Ottoman, ca. early 20th century. Silk, embroidered with the ‘telkırma’-technique: geometrical motives obtained by sticking narrow metallic slats (often silver) through the fabric and folding them. The motifs are identical on both sides of the fabric. Purchased in Aydın, in 2003. (Inv.n° yaz091 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).


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