402 Early Writing and Alphabets in the West
All of my boards labeled 400 are designed for ART 104: The History of Graphic Design. I've also included lots of general design ideas and images so they may be…
"MS in Norwegian on walrus bone or reindeer horn, Norway, ca. 15th c., 6 ff., 3x14 cm, single column, (2x14 cm), 1 line in runes of the younger futhark, 93 feastday symbols in a rather early primitive stage, including the 2 St. Olav axes. Binding: Norway, ca. 15th c., walrus bone or reindeer horn covers, fastened with 2 leather straps through holes.
The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called it, ‘hieroglyphics"- a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph).
Information Theory part 1: Origins of Cuneiform & Hieroglyphics
VIDEO (7:20): History of the Alphabet (Language of Coins: 4/16) The origin of pictographic & ideographic writing systems are imagined in the first part of this story (proto-writing). The rebus principle is introduced, setting the stage for the development of an alphabet. Featuring some key artifacts from France, Spain, Egypt & Ancient Sumer: Cave Drawings, Narmer Palette, Hunters Palette, Cuneiform Accounting Tablets. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!
Capitalis rustica and Capitalis quadrata — Scripts — Palaeography — Research & education — Medieval Manuscripts in Dutch Collections — Koninklijke Bibliotheek
CAPITALIS RUSTICA was the everyday written form of Latin. Notice that there are no separations between words. It was quite compressed and thrifty because it required less parchment.
Chapter 2: The Alphabet
ROMAN: The Emperor Trajan’s inscription on the base of Trajan’s column. Rome, Italy. 114 CE. It was believed that the letters were first written with a brush, and then carved into the stone. This inscription, and others like it, was the basis for the classic forms of the 20 letters of the Latin alphabet. (shelbymacario, 2012)
Terracotta vase in the shape of a cockerel | Etruscan | Archaic | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
ETRUSCAN Vase in the shape of a cock, second half of 7th century b.c. Etruscan Terracotta H. 4 1/16 in. Metropolitan Museum: This small Bucchero vase has been variously interpreted as a toy, a small jug, and an inkstand. The 26 letters of the Etruscan alphabet are inscribed on the belly of the vessel, though the letter "S" appears twice. Instead of the usual right-to-left orientation of Etruscan writing, the alphabet here was inscribed left to right.
Athenian Agora | American School of Classical Studies at Athens
Bronze ballots, 4th century B.C. D. Athnes, Agora Museum.. One ballot has a solid axle, the other a hollow axle. The ballot with the solid axle bears the letter epsilon, E, which might designate a jury section, or, more likely, a tribe. The ballot with the pierced axle is inscribed: "psephos demosia," public ballot. Most of the ballots uncovered in the Agora are of bronze, the majority are datable to the 4th century B.C.E.
NASHKI (Arabic): A Koran Manuscript, executed in a clear, firm hand in the style of chirography know as Naskhi. The paper was carefully hand-made, sized and polished. Not dated, it is probably Egyptian in origin, and of the 16th Century. The written language is Arabic, for no matter where a Koran is transcribed or printed, according the Muhammad law it must adhere to the language of the adored Prophet.