The chainless foundation has been in use forever as one of the wonderful things you could pull out of your crochet bag of tricks if you knew about it.

FSC Tutorial (foundation single crochet): This creates a beginning row of single crochet, each with its own chain at the bottom, for a sturdy, elastic foundation.

Румынское кружево.Техника вязания 13.

вязание: румынское, ирландское кружево