Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Chutiya Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher and artist—who worked for Akbar the Great, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Shirazi was given the title of 'Azuddudaulah, translated as "the arm of the empire."

Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Chutiya Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher and artist—who worked for Akbar the Great, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Shirazi was given the title of 'Azuddudaulah, translated as "the arm of the empire."

A bullfinch  Qajar Persia, 19th Century

A bullfinch Qajar Persia, 19th Century

King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba Iran (1500s)

King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba Iran (1500s)

It is difficult to trace the origins of the art of Persian miniature, as it reached its peak mainly during the Mongol and Timurid periods (13th - 16th Century). Mongolian rulers of Iran instilled the cult of Chinese painting and brought with them a great number of Chinese artisans. Paper itself, reached Persia from China in 753 AD. Hence, the Chinese influence is very strong.

It is difficult to trace the origins of the art of Persian miniature, as it reached its peak mainly during the Mongol and Timurid periods (13th - 16th Century). Mongolian rulers of Iran instilled the cult of Chinese painting and brought with them a great number of Chinese artisans. Paper itself, reached Persia from China in 753 AD. Hence, the Chinese influence is very strong.

The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp: The Persian Book of Kings - Met Museum

The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp: The Persian Book of Kings - Met Museum

Head of male Seljuq royal figure, 12-13th c.       Birth of the Prophet Muhammad by Jami al-Tawarikh,1314         Birth of the Prophet ...

Head of male Seljuq royal figure, 12-13th c. Birth of the Prophet Muhammad by Jami al-Tawarikh,1314 Birth of the Prophet ...

Forud shoots Zarasp Ferdowsi, Shahnameh Timurid: Herat, c.1444  Patron: Mohammad Juki b. Shah Rokh Opaque watercolour, ink and gold on paper London, Royal Asiatic Society, Persian MS 239, fol. 119v

Forud shoots Zarasp Ferdowsi, Shahnameh Timurid: Herat, c.1444 Patron: Mohammad Juki b. Shah Rokh Opaque watercolour, ink and gold on paper London, Royal Asiatic Society, Persian MS 239, fol. 119v

Khusraw and Shirin Like a number of the great Persian romantic narratives, the love story of the Sāsānian king Khusraw II (r. 590-628 AD) and Shīrīn, the Christian princess from Armenia, is based on figures recorded in Firdawsī's Shāhnāmah.  Manuscript of Niẓāmī's Khamsah or Quintet copied c. 1570.

Khusraw and Shirin Like a number of the great Persian romantic narratives, the love story of the Sāsānian king Khusraw II (r. 590-628 AD) and Shīrīn, the Christian princess from Armenia, is based on figures recorded in Firdawsī's Shāhnāmah. Manuscript of Niẓāmī's Khamsah or Quintet copied c. 1570.

Iran - Seated youth in green robe

Iran - Seated youth in green robe

Farhad Carries Shirin and her Horse on his Shoulders

Farhad Carries Shirin and her Horse on his Shoulders -

Farhad Carries Shirin and her Horse on his Shoulders

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