Calligraphy is an ancient art of handwriting for which people took much pride in creating. This specific picture of a dancing man in traditional middle eastern garment consists of arab calligraphy.
لا إله الا الله
Arabic calligraphy بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
cool calligraphy/typography by Alireza Hesaraki, Iran
Persian calligraphy with code.
Persian Calligraphy by Hamid Shakiba