Nergal is an ancient Sumero-Babylonian deity and the god of the netherworld, where he rules with his consort Ereshkigal. Nergal actually seems to be in part a solar deity, sometimes identified with Shamash, but only a representative of a certain phase of the sun. Portrayed in hymns and myths as a god of war and pestilence, Nergal seems to represent the sun of noontime and of the summer solstice that brings destruction, high summer being the dead season in the Mesopotamian annual cycle.
In 1849, Austin Henry Layard discovered 22,000 clay tablets in the Ancient Sumerian city of Nineveh, Iraq. The tablets contain cuneiform script, created by the Sumerians 6,000 years ago. The Ancient drawings include Neptune,Uranus Pluto - planets not known by modern peoples until 1846, 1781, 1930 respectively describe the earth rotating around the sun. . .
Nippur Map 1400 BCE. The oldest known map ever found. This ancient clay tablet is dated to the 14th-13th century BCE, and on it is inscribed a map of the countryside around the Mesopotamian city of Nippur, located in the middle of the southern Mesopotamia floodplain, near the modern city of Diwaniyah. The inscription on the tablet is in cuneiform.
This medical therapeutic text, inscribed in Akkadian cuneiform on a clay tablet small enough to fit into one’s hand, prescribes various plants and herbs to treat an unknown illness. Many thousands of Akkadian medical texts that have survived from the second and first millennia BCE provide information about medical symptoms, illnesses, and treatments. Aššur, Neo-Assyrian, c. 911-612 BC.
Researchers studying Sumerian clay balls have discovered clues to a lost code that was used for record-keeping years before Sumerians invented writing. The clay balls may represent the world's "very first data storage system. The balls, often called "envelopes" by researchers, were sealed and contain tokens in a variety of geometric shapes.
Anunnaki space map. This 5000 year old clay tablet was discovered at Nineveh the capital of ancient Assyria. The tablet shows drawings of constellations and pictogram-based text known as cuneiform which was used by the Sumerians. How could the Sumerians have knowledge of the galaxy unless they had met beings capable of interstellar travel?
Kudurru, grant deed by Neubchadnezzar I (1125-1104 BCE), Sippar, Babylonia. Six registers. Top to bottom: symbols of astral gods; tiaras of great gods gods Anu (sky), Enlil (air), Ea (water); two horned dragons, one carrying spade, attribute of Marduk, other carrying stylus with tablet the attributes of Marduk’s son Nabu, god of scribes; goddess Gula with her dog and scorpion-god; young bull carrying thunderbolt of Adad (storm god), scorpion of Ishharra, lap of Nusku.
Incantation bowl from Mesopotamia, ca. seventh century. Usually buried in a building’s foundation, magic bowls were designed to protect a house and its inhabitants from devils and evildoers. Opinion differs as to the actual ritual associated with these incantation bowls, but it is generally believed that they were thought to entrap and reject evil powers. As is common in these bowls, the Aramaic inscription here is written on the inside in concentric circles.