Piri Reis: Ottoman Turk admiral and chartographer whose charts reveal that rather more was known of world geography during Christopher Columbus's time than is commonly realized.

Faadi Moghaddam, a captain of Nawab Umar al-Rhul-Ghais. Takes part in kidnapping children from The Rogue Lands to turn them into slaves.

Ottoman kolçak (greaves) and dizcek (cuisse or knee and thigh armor), 16th century, as worn by a heavy cavalryman (sipahi).

Ottoman kolçak (greaves) dizcek (cuisse or knee and thigh armor), century, as worn by fully armored cavalryman (sipahi).

Left: an Ottoman gold-inlaid ‘Karabela’ (Polish sabre), 18th century - Right: a silver mounted Ottoman ‘kılıç’ (scimitar-sabre), circa 1820.

An Ottoman gold-inlaid karabela (Lt), century, and a silver mounted Ottoman kilij, circa

Mysticism in the Ottoman Empire: The Mevlevi Sufi Order

The Mevlevi Sufi order is probably the most famous mystical sect in Ottoman and Turkish history, especially because of Rumi, who is commemorated every Dec 17

Ottoman Janissaries (conscripted soldiers) were divided into 101 ortahs (regiments), each Janissary tattooed a mark on his arm showing his ortah. A crescent was the symbol of the first ortah (the Sultans ortah), the thirty-first ortah which served on board the fleet, was an anchor. The number of Janissaries in each ortah was varied, greater numbers were in the most distinguished; the number in some was extremely large, that of the thirty-fifth, amounting to nearly thirty thousand.

Because of the weakening of the Ottoman Empire conservative Janissaries blocked needed military reform and allowed their state to lose ground to European rivals. Also the weakness in technology included the imperial navy.

ottoman Warrior

Getting back into armor! As in legit armor! Wow, this board almost went to total LARP.

Greek Fire outside of Constantinople

During military technology throughout Eurasia retained the principal characteristics of earlier times. Iron and steel weapons had long since replaced those made of bronze. In large empire…

Ottoman Turk soldier, circa 1880-1900.

By the the Ottoman Empire was already in serious decline - unlike this Turkish soldier's resplendent rug.

Turkish soldiers and civilians in Niğbolu/Nikopol (north Bulgaria). 1877. A detail of ‘The Ottoman capitulation at Niğbolu in 1877’, a painting by Nikolay Dmitriev.

Turkish soldiers and civilians in Niğbolu/Nikopol (north Bulgaria). A detail of ‘The Ottoman capitulation at Niğbolu in a painting by Nikolay Dmitriev.

Bayazeed the Ottoman Sultan

Bayezid I - Manyal Palace Museum.Portrait of Bayezid I, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire The portrait is displayed along with other portraits of Ottoman sultans on the walls of the mirror hall of the Manyal Palace MART 1403 ÖLÜM GÜNÜ.

Fall of Constantinople

Fall of Constantinople The Fall of Constantinople (Greek: Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Alōsē tēs Kōnstantinoupolēs; Turkish:İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the.