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Ottoman empire

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Ottoman Janissaries (conscripted soldiers) were divided into 101 ortahs (regiments), each Janissary tattooed a mark on his arm showing his ortah. A crescent was the symbol of the first ortah (the Sultans ortah), the thirty-first ortah which served on board the fleet, was an anchor. The number of Janissaries in each ortah was varied, greater numbers were in the most distinguished; the number in some was extremely large, that of the thirty-fifth, amounting to nearly thirty thousand.

Ottoman Janissaries (conscripted soldiers) were divided into 101 ortahs (regiments), each Janissary tattooed a mark on his arm showing his ortah. A crescent was the symbol of the first ortah (the Sultans ortah), the thirty-first ortah which served on board the fleet, was an anchor. The number of Janissaries in each ortah was varied, greater numbers were in the most distinguished; the number in some was extremely large, that of the thirty-fifth, amounting to nearly thirty thousand.

Bayazeed the Ottoman Sultan

Bayazeed the Ottoman Sultan

Ottoman warrior

Ottoman warrior

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Redbeard) (Ruler of Algeria, Admiral of the Ottoman Empire) (ca. 1478–4 July 1546 CE) | Pirate turn Admiral. One of the most powerful (if not the most) Admiral of the Ottoman Empire

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Redbeard) (Ruler of Algeria, Admiral of the Ottoman Empire) (ca. 1478–4 July 1546 CE) | Pirate turn Admiral. One of the most powerful (if not the most) Admiral of the Ottoman Empire

His Imperial Majesty, The Sultan Abdülhamid II, Emperor of the Ottomans, Caliph of the Faithful. He was the last Sultan to exert effective control over the Ottoman Empire. During his tenure, he was responsible for both modernisation of the Ottoman Empire, as well as exerting maximum control over its affairs.

His Imperial Majesty, The Sultan Abdülhamid II, Emperor of the Ottomans, Caliph of the Faithful. He was the last Sultan to exert effective control over the Ottoman Empire. During his tenure, he was responsible for both modernisation of the Ottoman Empire, as well as exerting maximum control over its affairs.

These figures represent a Sultan and a Sultana in the Ottoman Empire in 1500.

These figures represent a Sultan and a Sultana in the Ottoman Empire in 1500.

ottoman empire Suleyman I (ruled from 1520-1566) is regarded as the greatest Ottoman ruler. Also known as Suleyman the Magnificent, he was the tenth Ottoman sultan

ottoman empire Suleyman I (ruled from 1520-1566) is regarded as the greatest Ottoman ruler. Also known as Suleyman the Magnificent, he was the tenth Ottoman sultan

II. Abdülmecid, Sultan of Ottoman.

II. Abdülmecid, Sultan of Ottoman.

Portrait of Ahmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Portrait of Ahmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Abdul Hamid II - The last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Abdul Hamid II - The last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Sultan Selim 1st - The first Ottoman Halife

Sultan Selim 1st - The first Ottoman Halife

Kösem Sultan was one of the most powerful women in Ottoman history. Favorite consort and later wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, she achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire through her husband, then through her sons Murad IV and Ibrahim I (the Mad) and finally through her minor grandson Mehmed IV. She was a prominent figure during the sultanate of the women. She was official regent twice and was thereby one of two women to have been formal regents of the Ottoman…

Kösem Sultan was one of the most powerful women in Ottoman history. Favorite consort and later wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, she achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire through her husband, then through her sons Murad IV and Ibrahim I (the Mad) and finally through her minor grandson Mehmed IV. She was a prominent figure during the sultanate of the women. She was official regent twice and was thereby one of two women to have been formal regents of the Ottoman…

Ottoman Empire armor, chichak type helmet with krug (chest armor) worn over a zirah (chainmail shirt). Possibly tombak (gilded copper) In the sixteenth century, a new type of Ottoman armor was created consisting of helmets, shields, and chanfrons (horse's head defenses) made entirely of gilt copper, known as tombak in Turkish. Because of the softness of copper, the armor must have been intended only for ceremonial use, possibly for the sultan's bodyguard. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Ottoman Empire armor, chichak type helmet with krug (chest armor) worn over a zirah (chainmail shirt). Possibly tombak (gilded copper) In the sixteenth century, a new type of Ottoman armor was created consisting of helmets, shields, and chanfrons (horse's head defenses) made entirely of gilt copper, known as tombak in Turkish. Because of the softness of copper, the armor must have been intended only for ceremonial use, possibly for the sultan's bodyguard. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Peiks (Ottoman messengers), originally, messengers or postal runners. They were fast athletic runners and could travel great distances without rest. It took them, for example, two days to get from Edirne to Istanbul on foot. They carried a hanjar (Hancer) - dagger in their girdles, a halberd in their right hands and a handkerchief full of sugar in their left. One of their tasks was to inform the Sultan when the pilgrims had returned from Mecca. The post was abolished in 1828.

Peiks (Ottoman messengers), originally, messengers or postal runners. They were fast athletic runners and could travel great distances without rest. It took them, for example, two days to get from Edirne to Istanbul on foot. They carried a hanjar (Hancer) - dagger in their girdles, a halberd in their right hands and a handkerchief full of sugar in their left. One of their tasks was to inform the Sultan when the pilgrims had returned from Mecca. The post was abolished in 1828.

Sultan Abdülmecid I, Emperor of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan of Turkey (1823–1861)

Sultan Abdülmecid I, Emperor of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan of Turkey (1823–1861)

Website: Suleyman the Magnificent Facts. Information about Suleyman the Magnificent and what he did.

Website: Suleyman the Magnificent Facts. Information about Suleyman the Magnificent and what he did.