Captain James Cook
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Admiral Arthur Phillip (1738 - 1814) was the first Governor of New South Wales, and founder of the settlement which became Sydney. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet, as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In February 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (now Sydney Harbour)
Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776. In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.
Joseph Bolitho Johns better known as Moondyne Joe is Western Australia’s best known bushranger.The only photo of Moodyne Joe shows him holding a tomahawk and wearing a kangaroo skin cape. The photograph was taken by Alfred Chopin who was a convict transported to Western Australia and became one of the colony’s first portrait photographers. It was first published in The Sunday Times on May 27, 1924 as an illustration accompanying an article on Moondyne Joe.
Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to spend the first part of their sentence in the prison where they had awaited trial, usually in solitary confinement....In the early 19th century, most prisoners awaiting transportation were sent to the 'hulks' in London before being assigned to a convict ship and leaving England."