A bait ball, or baitball, occurs when small fish swarm in a tightly packed spherical formation about a common centre. It is a last-ditch defensive measure adopted by small schooling fish when they are threatened by predators.
This animal, the Leafy Seadragon, is a Threatened species. They are threatened by collecting for use in Chinese medicine (and by habitat loss). Just one more example of the beautiful natural world exploited by idiotic traditional Chinese cruelty.