Explore Military Uniforms, Ottoman Empire, and more!


A ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). From the Balkans (Epirus or Albania). Late-ottoman, half of the century. This doesn't look a like a Bashi Bazouk but more like a normal Greek or Albanian male.

Military leaders had a dominant role in the Ottoman state, a polity geared to war and expansion. The Turkic horsemen became a warrior aristocracy supported by control of conquered land and peasants.

The Ottoman Empire in the Kabinettskriege Period ( لفعالية العسكرية العثمانية)

A 'Zeybek' warrior from Smyrna/Izmir. Ottoman era, first half of 19th century. Drawing by Charles Gleyre (1808-1874). Watercolor and pencil on paper, 1834. (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston).

Zeibeck of Smyrna. Charles Gleyre Watercolor and pencil on paper, 1834 x cm)( x inch ) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

From the middle of the fifteenth century, imperial armies were dominated by Janissary infantry divisions composed of conscripted youths from conquered lands. Their control of artillery and firearms gave them great power; by the middle of the sixteenth century, they intervened in dynastic succession disputes.


Janissary (Ottoman Yeniceri) were specially trained elite soldiers of the Ottoman Empire who served as the private guard to the Sultan.

1833 | Gottlieb August Wimmer: Notes on Albania

Albanian Warrior in Greece, by Carl Haag (Benaki Museum, Athens).