Turkish Halva seller, Ottoman Empire 1875.

Turkish Halva seller, Ottoman Empire 1875.

Ottoman Cyprus~ Traditional clothing of (from right to left) a Christian resident of Ammochostos (Famagusta, Cyprus), a Christian woman of Magossa, and a Greek monk of the ...

Ottoman Cyprus~ Traditional clothing of (from right to left) a Christian resident of Ammochostos (Famagusta, Cyprus), a Christian woman of Magossa, and a Greek monk of the ...

An Ottoman Coffee Seller, 1800's http://www.turkishstylegroundcoffee.com/turkish-coffee-recipe/ #turkishcoffee #turkishcoffeerecipe

An Ottoman Coffee Seller, 1800's http://www.turkishstylegroundcoffee.com/turkish-coffee-recipe/ #turkishcoffee #turkishcoffeerecipe

Ottoman rulers survived by playing off the competing factions within their state. The groups included religious and legal scholars. Muslim, Christian, and Jewish merchants were important. The latter two were "peoples of the book" who often were satisfied with their Muslim rulers.

Ottoman rulers survived by playing off the competing factions within their state. The groups included religious and legal scholars. Muslim, Christian, and Jewish merchants were important. The latter two were "peoples of the book" who often were satisfied with their Muslim rulers.

Kurdish men, Urfa, 1900, from http://kurdistania.tumblr.com

Kurdish men, Urfa, 1900, from http://kurdistania.tumblr.com

Trabzon Traditional clothes in Ottoman empire era, man from Trabzon city, woman from Trabzon, man from rural area - Laz People

Trabzon Traditional clothes in Ottoman empire era, man from Trabzon city, woman from Trabzon, man from rural area - Laz People

”Three different Turks”.  Ca. 1880, Late-Ottoman Empire. From left to right: a ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army), a beggar (holding up his left hand) and – probably - a lower-rank military of the regular army, on leave.

”Three different Turks”. Ca. 1880, Late-Ottoman Empire. From left to right: a ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army), a beggar (holding up his left hand) and – probably - a lower-rank military of the regular army, on leave.

Ottoman Turkish family, 1915-20.

Ottoman Turkish family, 1915-20.

1-Christian of Konya. 2-Muslim horseman of Konya. 3-Resident of Elmali. Istanbul. 1873.

1-Christian of Konya. 2-Muslim horseman of Konya. 3-Resident of Elmali. Istanbul. 1873.

Clothing from province of Ankara, Ottoman State. 1-Woman from Yozgat, 2-Wife of a Christian artisan of Ankara, 3-Wife of a Muslim artisan of Ankara. Istanbul, 1873.

Clothing from province of Ankara, Ottoman State. 1-Woman from Yozgat, 2-Wife of a Christian artisan of Ankara, 3-Wife of a Muslim artisan of Ankara. Istanbul, 1873.

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