An albumen print showing Dervishes in Egypt.   The Mevlevi are a Sufi order founded in 1273 by the followers of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi after his death. The centre of the order was at Konya in present day Turkey, where Rumi is buried. They are commonly known as the Whirling Dervishes due to their practice of whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of Allah). During the Ottoman period, the Mevlevi spread into in the Balkans, Syria and Egypt.

Albumen print showing Dervishes in Egypt. Photographed by Henri or Émile Béchard in the

Roxelana    Known also by her Turkish name of Khourrem (or Hürrem or Karima), meaning "the cheerful one", (circa 1500 - April 18, 1558) was the wife of sultan Süleyman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire.

Haseki Hürrem Sultan (née Roxelana or Alexandra Lisowska) was the wife of Suleiman the Magnificent.

Mehmed IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire at the time of the Battle of Vienna

Mehmed IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire at the time of the Battle of Vienna.

Istanbul 1869 by Abdullah Freres

Abdullah Freres, "Turkish women in traditional Ottoman dress, Istanbul, Turkey," 1869

Young harem girl (Circassian) by Abdullah Frères

Young harem girl (Circassian) by Abdullah Frères, 1869

Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910)  Ottoman statesman, intellectual, art expert and also a prominent and pioneering Turkish painter.

Osman Hamdi Bey was an Ottoman administrator, intellectual, art expert and also a prominent and pioneering painter.

Ottoman princesses learning to read the Holy Quran in 1905

Made In Nablus on

Ottoman Princesses Learning to Read the Holy Quran CE Ottoman Empire)

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