The Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid (1823-1861); he reigned from 1839 to 1861.

The Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid he reigned from 1839 to

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) - Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) - Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence.

Website:  Suleyman the Magnificent Facts. Information about  Suleyman the Magnificent and what he did.

Suleyman the Magnificent ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire during the according to the history books written by his European victims, Suleyman's magnificence was manifested only by virtue of his being a warrior.

SULTAN ABDULHAMID II (2) | par OTTOMAN IMPERIAL ARCHIVES

Commander of the Faithful.

Sultan II. Ahmed Han, 21. SULTAN OF OTTOMAN EMPİRE (1691 - 1695)

Sultan II. Ahmed Han, 21. SULTAN OF OTTOMAN EMPİRE (1691 - 1695)

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