Bergama Bergama, 103 km from the center of Izmir, is home to the famous Pergamon Ancient City. The temple of the city guardian Athena and many architectural buildings are among the beauties to be seen. This important center of the Miyas region in ancient times, BC. It is known as the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon between the years 28-133. In this period, the city where the works such as palace, temple, theater and acropolis are built is surrounded with fortresses and walls over time.