Exploring the wild island of Kodiak in Alaska
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The black oystercatcher is the only representative of the oystercatcher family over most of its range, overlapping slightly with the American oystercatcher on the coast of Baja California. Within its range it is most commonly referred to as the black oystercatcher, although this name is also used locally for the blackish oystercatcher and the African oystercatcher. Its scientific name is derived by John James Audubon from that of his friend John Bachman. #bird #Kodiak #Alaska
The salmonberry was once a widely used and significant plant to the indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest. Native people gathered the berries, leaves, and roots for a varied range of uses. The berries were eaten plain, or with salmon meat and eggs, occasionally made into jam, and dried. The Makah and Quilette tribes used the leaves and roots dried or in infusions to treat anemia, toothaches, promote weight gain, fix stomach problems, reduce the pains of flesh injuries, and ease labor pains.
The village KAGUYAK was large, with many homes and several stores. The community rested on a small spit fronting a freshwater lake at the head of the Kaguayk Bay. Kaguyak’s population declined with the decimation of the sea otter population. By the early 20th century, the village had less than 100 residents. In 1964, only 34 people lived in the community. Following the destruction from the 1964 tidal wave, the residents of Kaguyak relocated to Anchorage and then Kodiak.
Three Saints Harbor was Alaska’s first Russian’s settlement and first substantial European settlement on the Pacific Coast of North America north of California. Founded in 1784 by Shelikhov, the site was destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami. Quite exposed and poor in defense against any attacks, Shelikhov reconstructed the settlement in Saint Peter Bay where Kodiak is today
Refuge Rock - also known as the Wounded Knee of Alaska. In 1784, Russian fur trader Grigory Shelikhov slaughtered hundreds of Alutiiq people and took hostages hundreds more. The years 1784–1818, are called the "darkest period of Sugpiaq (Alutiiq ancestral name) history" Kodiak Island Alaska Alutiiq Museum #history #alutiiq
It is here that on December 31st 2012, #Shell's ice-strengthened drill barge "#Kulluk" drifted aground off Sitkalidak Island in the Gulf of Alaska. Kulluk's movement south for the winter was at least in part motivated by an effort to avoid State of Alaska property taxes on oil and gas extraction equipment. #Kodiak Alaska #history