Chewing Gum + AA Battery = Fire Starter - Tear a Foil-Backed Wrapper Into an Hourglass Shape. Touch the Foil to the Positive and Negative Battery Terminals. The Electrical Current will Cause the Wrapper to Ignite and Light a Candle or Tinder.
Pump Fire Drill: The Iroquois invented this ingenious pump drill, which uses a flywheel to generate friction. The crossbar and flywheel are made of hardwood; the spindle and fireboard are made from softwoods (as in the ha